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Personal healthcare spending in 2018 reached $3.1 trillion, or $9,414 per capita.

Most is spent on hospitals (39%), physicians (24%), and prescription drugs (11%), with the remainder spent on dental services, nursing care, and other health needs.


Average insurance spending is unequal across programs.

Medicare and Medicaid spend more per enrollee than private insurance while covering populations that are older and more impoverished, respectively. Per enrollee spending for Medicare and Medicaid has remained flat, however, while private insurance spending is increasing, adjusting for inflation.


The percent of Americans who are uninsured increased to 8.5% in 2018, up from the 2017 low of 7.9%.

Fewer Americans directly buy insurance or receive Medicaid coverage than in 2016.


Life expectancy increased for the first time since 2014, from 78.6 in 2017 to 78.7 in 2018.

The life expectancy for Non-Hispanic white people is more than three years longer than for Black people.


Nearly half of deaths are caused by heart disease and cancer.

However, the fastest growing causes of death since 1999 are accidents (including drug overdoses) and Alzheimer’s, for which age-adjusted death rates have increased 36% and 85%, respectively.

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