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About 39% of 2022 federal transportation and infrastructure spending was for highway transportation and 28% was for rail and mass transit. The rest was for air travel (22%) and water (9%).

2022 infrastructure and transportation expenditures fell 21% compared to a year prior when spending reached an all-time high due to COVID-19 support but remains 21% higher than 2019 pre-pandemic levels.


In 2020, state and local governments spent $211.8 billion on transportation and infrastructure, excluding government transfers. That was 57% of all government transportation and infrastructure spending.

The federal government spent $36.6 billion directly on infrastructure in 2022 and transferred an additional $94.5 billion to states.

Congress passed and President Biden signed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act in November 2021. The bill allocated $550 billion in new spending to rebuild roads, bridges and rails, airports, provide high-speed internet access, and address climate concerns. Spending started in 2022 and will be spread out over five years.


In 2022, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) allocated at least $82.5 million on repairing and rebuilding infrastructure after natural disasters.

About 66% of these allocations went toward public utilities, such as power lines and water storage facilities. On average, 31% of FEMA infrastructure spending after natural disasters went to rebuilding public utilities between 2000 to 2021.


Air travel increased in 2022 but is below 2019 levels, with the number of scheduled flights down 9% from January through October.

The percentage of canceled flights was about 1.7 percentage points higher than in 2021 and 0.6 higher than in 2019. Data does not yet reflect December 2022 when Southwest Airlines alone canceled more than 16,000 flights — more than the total number of flights canceled during the first nine months of the year.


The nation has 620,669 bridges and their conditions are improving.

The proportion of bridges rated as poor in 2022 was 6.9% as the number of bridges increased by 1,047.


Eleven percent of rural roads and 32.1% of urban roads were in unsatisfactory condition in 2020.

The share of unsatisfactory roads was higher in 2020 than at any point between 2000 and 2009, but their condition has improved yearly since 2017.


Nearly all homes can access the Federal Communication Commission’s (FCC) national minimum broadband speeds standards of 25 megabits per second (mbps) for downloads and 3 mbps for uploads.

In 2022, the FCC proposed increasing the downloads benchmark to 100 mbps and uploads to 20 mbps. About 93% of homes can access broadband speeds meeting this proposed benchmark.

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