Home / Reports / 2023 State of the Union / Population


The population grew faster last year, but 2022 still had the third-lowest growth rate in US history after 2021’s record-low growth rate.

Births and net migration (the net effect of people moving into and out of the country) caused the population to grow by 1.3 million last year, or 0.4%.


Population growth rates vary widely between states. Nevada residents almost quadrupled between 1980 and 2022, while West Virginia’s population decreased.

The population also more than doubled in Arizona, Utah, Florida, Texas, Idaho, and Colorado. To learn more about population change in your state or county, explore Our Changing Population.


The fertility rate increased to 56.6 births per 1,000 women in 2021 — the first increase since 2014, but still lower than any other year except 2020.

A Census Bureau analysis of births data indicated that 2020’s drop in births was likely partially associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.


According to preliminary data, the death rate fell in 2022 after rising for two years. It remains above pre-pandemic levels.

2022’s death rate of 934.6 deaths per 100,000 people exceeded that of any year between 1972 and 2019.


333.3 million people lived in the United States in 2022.

That’s a 46.7% increase since 1980.


The country is growing more racially and ethnically diverse.

The Hispanic share of the US population grew from 9.0% in 1990 to 18.9% in 2021.


The population is getting older.

The proportion of working-age adults in the US remained relatively constant since 1980. However, the elderly share grew by 5.5 percentage points, while the percentage younger than 18 fell by 5.9 points.


Single adults without kids comprised 29% of all US households in 2022, up from 13% in 1960.

The share of households headed by married parents declined from 44% to 18% between 1960 and 2022.

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