Home / Reports / 2021 State of the Union / Population

Each decade, the federal government is constitutionally obligated to conduct a census and count every person in the US. The 2020 census data, which had its first release April 26, will affect the information below and statistics elsewhere in this report, be used to apportion congressional seats, and impact national issues like household income and employment.​


In 2020, 331 million people lived in the United States.

That's a 46% increase since 1980.


The population grew by 1.2 million from 2019 to 2020, with 41% of growth from immigration.

The annual growth rate was 0.4% — the lowest recorded since 1918.


According to preliminary data, the 2020 death rate was the highest since 1943.

Ten people per 1,000 died in 2020, lower than the peak of 14 per 1,000 during the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic but higher than the average of 8.3 per 1,000 since 2000.​


The population is getting older.

Since 1980, people 65 and older have increased from 11% to 16% of the total.


More people are living alone.

Eleven percent of the population now lives alone, up from 8% in 1980.


The absolute number of non-Hispanic white people has decreased every year since 2017.

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