Infrastructure

In 2021, about 41% of federal transportation and infrastructure spending was on highway transportation and 32% was on air travel. The remainder was for rail and mass transit (19%) and water (8%).

Transportation funding remained elevated in FY2021 after increasing 50% in FY2020 because of COVID-19 pandemic stimulus. Eighty-one percent of pandemic transportation stimulus funds were budgeted for air carriers, airports, and transit agencies.

Infrastructure

Most transportation and infrastructure spending comes directly from state and local governments, which spent $191.1 billion on projects in 2019, excluding federal transfers.

The federal government spent $71.3 billion directly on infrastructure in 2021 and transferred an additional $81.7 billion to states. ​

Congress passed and President Biden signed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act in November 2021. The bill allocated $550 billion in new spending, spread out over five years, to rebuild roads, bridges and rails, airports, provide high-speed internet access, and address climate concerns. ​

Infrastructure

Air travel rebounded in 2021 but is below 2019 pre-pandemic levels, with the number of scheduled flights down 20% in the first eleven months of the year.

The percentage of canceled flights was about 5 percentage points lower than in 2020 and less than 1 percentage point lower than in 2019​.

Infrastructure

Public rail transit ridership in November 2021 was 79% higher than November 2020 levels.

Public rail transit rides have yet to recover from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, as they are about 48% below November 2019 levels.

Infrastructure

There are 618,456 bridges in the US and their condition is improving.

The proportion of bridges rated as poor decreased from 9.4% in 2012 to 7.3% in 2020. ​

Infrastructure

Conditions of urban interstates, mid-sized, and minor roads have improved since 2000.

Rural minor roads have also improved, but the conditions of interstates and mid-sized roads in rural areas have remained the same or deteriorated over the period.

Infrastructure

Train infrastructure is degrading.

Nearly two-thirds of train tunnels and about one-third of train control systems and elevated structures rated as poor or substandard as of last count.

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