The Supreme Court is set to hear a series of cases on Tuesday regarding the Trump administration’s decision to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA). DACA has allowed undocumented immigrants who came into the United States as children to be eligible to work and not be deported.
Any decision would impact the nearly 700,000 immigrants who are active recipients or are awaiting renewal in the program that came into effect in 2012.
Under the program, undocumented immigrants without significant criminal histories can submit applications to be covered by DACA. After two years in the program, the recipients may reapply for renewal. DACA does not provide recipients with a path to citizenship (though participants can still apply for lawful entry by marrying a US citizen or re-entering the United States legally).
Between 2012 and June 2019, 909,700 people have received DACA status at least once.
DACA recipients by year
During that period, the program rejected about 49,100 people, nearly 5% of the total 959,000 applications. Additionally, 8% or 134,000 of about 1.8 million renewal requests have also been denied.
In September 2017, the Trump administration issued a memorandum to wind down the program, however, DACA is still in effect due to multiple court orders. Total approvals fell to a low of 90% in 2018. During the first six months of 2019, 95% of cases were approved.
DACA approvals by type
Of the 660,880 DACA recipients active as of June 2019, more than 80% were born in Mexico.
Two states account for 45% of the DACA population: California (188,420) and Texas (100,090). Vermont ranks the lowest with 20 recipients.