Government

There are 718 animal species currently listed as threatened or endangered, including 167 types of fish, 99 birds, and 94 mammals.

Since 1967, an average of 36 species are added the list annually. An average of three species are removed from the list each year, and a total of 11 removals have been due to extinction.

Sources & Footnotes

Government

The federal government owned 27% of American land as of 2018, down 5% since 1980.

A large part of federal land is either in Alaska (36.8% of all federal land alone) or concentrated in 11 Western states. The Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service together operate 71% of federal lands. The National Park Service operates 13% of federal lands, an increase from the 12% it operated in 1990.

Sources & Footnotes

Government

The federal government collected $12 billion in revenue from energy and mineral extraction on federal lands and waters in FY 2019, a 15% decrease from 2010, adjusting for inflation.

Oil and gas extraction makes up the majority of revenue from extraction on federal lands, and the acreage leased for oil and gas extraction decreased 43% since 2010 to 25 million acres.

Sources & Footnotes

Government

There were 327 million visits to land managed by the National Park Service (including national parks, historical sites, and national monuments) in 2019.

Park visitation per capita has increased in recent years, but is still below its 1980s peak.

Sources & Footnotes

Government

The Great Smoky Mountains National Park has been the most visited National Park for every year since 1979. In 2019, it received 12.5 million visits, accounting for 14% of National Park System visits that year.

The next most popular parks are Grand Canyon, Rocky Mountain, and Zion, accounting for 7%, 5%, and 5% of national park visits, respectively.

Sources & Footnotes

Government

The federal government spent $37.9 billion in 2019, or 0.8% of all federal expenditures, on the environment and natural resources (not including spending on renewable energy).

Most spending went to the Corps of Engineers for civil works projects ($8.5 billion), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ($6.5 billion), the Forest Service ($6.4 billion), transfers to state and local governments ($6.3 billion) and the National Resources Conservation Service ($4.6 billion).

Sources & Footnotes

Government

State and local governments most recently spent $63.8 billion on the environment and natural resources, $33.3 billion of which went to local parks and recreation services (net of fees collected).

Sources & Footnotes

In the past twelve months, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued 12 regulations deemed by the government to have a significant budgetary or policy effect. These include rules to reduce lead in drinking water and rules to freeze fuel economy requirements for certain vehicles. In March 2020, the EPA announced that it would not seek penalties for noncompliance with its rules during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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