The United States has sent Ukraine over $60 billion in funding and equipment through military, economic, and humanitarian aid.
Just because money has been allocated doesn’t mean it has been spent. Congress has set aside emergency funding for federal agencies to spend at their discretion and doles it out depending on the immediate and longer-term needs of Ukraine, US allies in the region, and US weapons supplies.
Ukraine will have to repay some of these funds after the war, plus interest.
On August 10, 2023, President Biden asked Congress for an additional $24 billion to support the ongoing war effort, but Congress has not yet approved this request.
Currently, Congress is debating the feasibility of long-term support for Ukraine. With immeasurable suffering felt within Ukraine (the United States has accused Russia of war crimes) and millions of refugees heading to neighboring countries, the world wonders how much longer this war will last and what role the US is expected to continue playing.
The US has sent more than $43 billion in security assistance to the Ukrainian government since February 24, 2022, primarily through presidential drawdowns and the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative (USAI). Security assistance comes in the form of equipment and weaponry.
Presidential drawdowns are orders directing the Defense Department to immediately deliver defensive equipment and services to foreign countries in crises. President Joe Biden has signed 47 drawdowns for Ukraine as of September 21, 2023.
The USAI is a Defense Department-led program focused on increasing Ukraine’s defenses against Russian aggression through military training, equipment, and intelligence support. According to the Congressional Research Service, the USAI has allocated approximately $18 billion for Ukraine over the 2022 and 2023 federal fiscal years.
While the data below represents most of the security assistance sent to Ukraine, only some transactions are publicly available, meaning some funds are unaccounted for.
Another military funding source, the Foreign Military Financing program, allows participants to buy defensive equipment from the US through either a grant or a direct loan.
The Defense Department regularly updates a comprehensive list of supplies sent to Ukraine. This includes tanks, helicopters, munitions, medical supplies, and other items to support Ukraine's war efforts.
The US Agency for International Development (USAID) has provided more than $23 billion in humanitarian and economic assistance to Ukraine since July 2023.
As of September 2023, it’s spent $2.8 billion specifically on humanitarian aid, including nearly $2 billion to support displaced Ukrainians in neighboring countries.
It’s also has spent over $20 billion on economic aid, strengthening Ukrainian industries, job creation, and exports. The country’s economy contracted by an estimated 31% in 2022 after Russia’s invasion, resulting in significant unemployment and trade challenges, among other issues.
USAID has also given additional economic assistance towards paying salaries for civil servants such as educators, healthcare workers, and first responders, among other initiatives.