Yearly Report PART I Item 1 - Purpose and Function of Our Government - General

Officers

Published on Mon, April 13, 2020 11:28AM PDT | Updated Fri, April 17, 2020 6:32PM PDT

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Officers > Item 1 - Purpose and Function of Our Government - General > PART I > Government 10-K

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Federal

The federal government’s key officers as of March 1, 2020 were as follows:

Name

Age

Position with our Government

 

 

 

 

 

 

Donald Trump

73

President

Mike Pence

60

Vice President

Nancy Pelosi

79

Speaker of the House

Steny Hoyer

80

House Majority Leader

Kevin McCarthy

55

House Minority Leader

Mitch McConnell

78

Senate Majority Leader

Charles Schumer

69

Senate Minority Leader

John Roberts

65

Chief Justice

 

 

 

President

The President is both the head of state and head of government of the US, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Under Article II of the US Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress. The President also appoints the heads of more than 50 independent federal commissions, such as the Federal Reserve Board or the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as federal judges, ambassadors, and other federal offices.

Mr. Trump is the 45th President of the US. Born and raised in Queens, New York, Mr. Trump received an economics degree from the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania. After graduating from Wharton, Mr. Trump followed in his father’s footsteps as a real estate developer, building, renovating, and managing numerous office towers, hotels, casinos, golf courses, and other properties. In a departure from his real estate acquisitions, Mr. Trump and the NBC Television Network (NBC) were partners in the ownership and broadcast rights for the Miss Universe, Miss USA, and Miss Teen USA Pageants. By January of 2004, Mr. Trump had joined forces with Mark Burnett Productions and NBC to produce and star in the television reality show, The Apprentice. In 2005, Mr. Trump launched his Donald J. Trump Signature Collection, which included clothing and accessories, and later introduced Trump Home, providing home furnishings and accessories. He also has a line of fragrances, Success by Trump and Empire. An accomplished author, Mr. Trump has authored over 14 bestsellers. In 2015, Mr. Trump bought out NBC’s portion of the Miss Universe Organization and sold it in its entirety to IMG. Mr. Trump announced his candidacy for President on June 16, 2015 and accepted the Republican nomination for President of the United States in July of 2016.

Vice President

The primary responsibility of the Vice President of the US is to be ready at a moment’s notice to assume the Presidency if the President is unable to perform his duties. This can be because of the President’s death, resignation, or temporary incapacitation, or if the Vice President and a majority of the Cabinet judge that the President is no longer able to discharge the duties of the presidency. The Vice President also serves as the President of the US Senate, where he or she casts the deciding vote in the case of a tie.

Mr. Pence was born in Columbus, Indiana, on June 7, 1959, one of six children born to Edward and Nancy Pence. Mr. Pence earned his bachelor’s degree in history in 1981 from Hanover College. He later attended Indiana University School of Law. After graduating, Mr. Pence practiced law, led the Indiana Policy Review Foundation, and began hosting The Mike Pence Show, a syndicated talk radio show and a weekly television public affairs program in Indiana. In 2000, he launched a successful bid for his local congressional seat, entering the United States House of Representatives at the age of 40. The people of East-Central Indiana elected Mr. Pence six times to represent them in Congress, and his colleagues elected him to serve as Chairman of the House Republican Study Committee and House Republican Conference Chairman. In 2013, Mr. Pence became the 50th Governor of Indiana, where he served until 2017 when he became Vice President.

Speaker of the House

The Speaker of the US House of Representatives is elected by the majority party to lead the House. The Speaker presides over debate, appoints members of select and conference committees, establishes the legislative agenda, maintains order within the House, and administers the oath of office to House members. The individual in this office is second in the line of presidential succession, following the Vice President.

Mrs. Pelosi is the House Speaker of the US House of Representatives for the 116th Congress having previously served as the House Minority Leader. From 2007 to 2011, Mrs. Pelosi served as Speaker of the House, the first woman to do so in American history. For 31 years, Leader Pelosi has represented San Francisco, California’s 12th District, in Congress. She has led House Democrats for 16 years and previously served as House Democratic Whip. Mrs. Pelosi comes from a family tradition of public service. Her late father, Thomas D’Alesandro Jr., served as Mayor of Baltimore for 12 years, after representing the city for five terms in Congress. Her brother, Thomas D’Alesandro III, also served as Mayor of Baltimore. She graduated from Trinity College in Washington, D.C.

House Majority Leader

The House of Representatives has chosen majority and minority leaders since the 19th century to expedite legislative business and to keep their parties united. These leaders are elected every two years in secret balloting of the party caucus or conference. The House Majority Leader is charged with: scheduling legislation for floor consideration; planning the daily, weekly, and annual legislative agendas; consulting with members to gauge party sentiment; and, generally, working to advance the goals of the majority party.

Mr. Hoyer has served Maryland’s 5th district since 1981 and is currently the Majority Leader in the US House of Representatives. From 2007 to 2011, Mr. Hoyer served as House Majority Leader, which made him the highest-ranking member of Congress from Maryland in history. He previously served as House Democratic Whip from 2003 to2007 and from 2011 to 2019. He graduated from the University of Maryland and received his law degree from Georgetown University. At the age of 27, he won a seat in the Maryland Senate and in 1975, he was elected President of the Senate, the youngest ever in Maryland state history.

House Minority Leader

The House Minority Leader serves as floor leader of the “loyal opposition” and is the minority counterpart to the Speaker. Although many of the basic leadership responsibilities of the minority and majority leaders are similar, the Minority Leader speaks for the minority party and its policies and works to protect the minority’s rights.

Mr. McCarthy serves California’s 23rd district and is currently the Minority Leader in the US House of Representatives. He previously served as Majority Leader of the House from 2014 to 2019. Mr. McCarthy was first elected to Congress in 2006 and is a native of Bakersfield and a fourth-generation Kern County resident. At the age of 21, he started his own small business, Kevin O’s Deli. He later sold his business to put himself through college and graduate school at California State University, Bakersfield. While at school, he interned for Congressman Bill Thomas and later became a member of Congressman Thomas’s staff. In 2000, he won his first public election as Trustee to the Kern Community College District and then, in 2002, he was elected to represent the 32nd Assembly District in the California State Assembly. As a freshman legislator, Mr. McCarthy was selected by his Republican colleagues to serve as the Assembly Republican Leader, becoming the first freshman legislator and the first legislator from Kern County to assume this top post in the California Legislature. After he was elected to Congress in 2006, Mr. McCarthy became Chief Deputy Whip and later served as Majority Whip.

Senate Majority Leader

The primary functions of a Majority Leader usually relate to floor duties. The Senate Majority Leader is the lead speaker for the majority party during floor debates, develops the calendar, and assists the President or Speaker with program development, policy formation, and policy decisions.

Mr. McConnell graduated with honors from the University of Louisville College of Arts and Sciences and is also a graduate of the University of Kentucky College of Law. First elected to the Senate in 1984, he was elected Majority Leader in the US Senate by his Republican colleagues first in 2014 and again in 2016. Mr. McConnell previously served as the Republican Leader from the 110th through the 113th Congresses, as the Majority Whip in the 108th and 109th Congresses, and as chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee during the 1998 and 2000 election cycles. Mr. McConnell worked as an intern on Capitol Hill for Senator John Sherman Cooper before serving as chief legislative assistant to Senator Marlow Cook and as Deputy Assistant Attorney General to President Gerald Ford. Before his election to the Senate, he served as judge-executive of Jefferson County, Kentucky, from 1978 until he commenced his Senate term on January 3, 1985.

Senate Minority Leader

The Minority Leader is the principal leader of the minority caucus. The Senate Minority Leader is responsible for: developing the minority position, negotiating with the majority party, directing minority caucus activities on the chamber floor, and leading debate for the minority.

Mr. Schumer was born in Brooklyn, NY to parents Selma, a homemaker active in the community, and Abe, who owned a small exterminating business. After graduating from Harvard College and Harvard Law School in 1974, Mr. Schumer returned home and was elected to the New York State Assembly. In 1980, at 29, he ran for and won the seat in the 9th Congressional District (CD). Mr. Schumer represented the 9th CD in Brooklyn and Queens for 18 years. In 1998, he was elected to the US Senate. Following the elections of 2006, Majority Leader Harry Reid appointed Mr. Schumer to serve as Vice Chair of the Democratic Conference, the number three position on the Democratic Leadership team.

Chief Justice

The Chief Justice of the US is the head of the US federal court system, is the highest judicial officer in the country, and acts as a chief administrative officer for the federal courts. As head of the Judicial Conference of the US, the Chief Justice appoints the director of the Administrative Office of the US Courts. The Chief Justice also serves as a spokesperson for the judicial branch. The Chief Justice leads the business of the Supreme Court and presides over oral arguments. When the court renders an opinion, the Chief Justice, when in the majority, decides who writes the court’s opinion. The Chief Justice also has significant agenda-setting power over the court’s meetings. In modern tradition, the Chief Justice also has the ceremonial duty of administering the oath of office of the President of the US.

Mr. Roberts was born in Buffalo, New York, January 27, 1955. He received an A.B. from Harvard College in 1976 and a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1979. He served as a law clerk for Judge Henry J. Friendly of the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit from 1979 – 1980 and as a law clerk for then-Associate Justice William H. Rehnquist of the Supreme Court of the US during the 1980 Term. He was Special Assistant to the Attorney General, US Department of Justice from 1981 – 1982, Associate Counsel to President Ronald Reagan, White House Counsel’s Office from 1982 – 1986, and Principal Deputy Solicitor General, US Department of Justice from 1989 – 1993. From 1986 – 1989 and 1993 – 2003, he practiced law in Washington, D.C. He was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 2003. President George W. Bush nominated him as Chief Justice of the US, and he took his seat September 29, 2005.

State and local29

In each state and territory, the chief executive is the governor, who serves as both head of state and head of government. As state managers, governors are responsible for implementing state laws and overseeing the operation of the state executive branch. As state leaders, governors advance and pursue new and revised policies and programs using a variety of tools, among them executive orders, executive budgets, and legislative proposals and vetoes. Governors play two broad roles in relation to state legislatures. First, they may be empowered to call special legislative sessions, provided in most cases that the purpose and agenda for the sessions are set in advance. Second, governors coordinate and work with state legislatures in: approval of state budgets and appropriations; enactment of state legislation; confirmation of executive and judicial appointments; and legislative oversight of executive branch functions.

Our state governors as of March 1, 2020 were as follows:

Name

 

Age

 

State Represented

 

Party *

 

 

Name

 

Age

 

State Represented

 

Party *

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kay Ivey

75

Alabama

R

 

Stephen Bullock

53

Montana

D

Mike Dunleavy

58

Alaska

R

 

John (Pete) Ricketts

55

Nebraska

R

Douglas Ducey

55

Arizona

R

 

Steve Sisolak

66

Nevada

D

Asa Hutchinson

69

Arkansas

R

 

Chris Sununu

45

New Hampshire

R

Gavin Newsom

52

California

D

 

Phil Murphy

62

New Jersey

D

Jared Polis

44

Colorado

D

 

Michelle Lujan Grisham

60

New Mexico

D

Ned Lamont

66

Connecticut

D

 

Andrew Cuomo

62

New York

D

John Carney

63

Delaware

D

 

Roy Cooper

62

North Carolina

D

Ron DeSantis

41

Florida

R

 

Doug Burgum

63

North Dakota

R

Brian Kemp

56

Georgia

R

 

Richard (Mike) DeWine

73

Ohio

R

David Ige

63

Hawaii

D

 

John (Kevin) Stitt

47

Oklahoma

R

Brad Little

66

Idaho

R

 

Kate Brown

59

Oregon

D

Jay (J.B.) Pritzker

55

Illinois

D

 

Thomas Wolf

71

Pennsylvania

D

Eric Holcomb

51

Indiana

R

 

Gina Raimondo

48

Rhode Island

D

Kim Reynolds

60

Iowa

R

 

Henry McMaster

72

South Carolina

R

Laura Kelly

70

Kansas

D

 

Kristi Noem

48

South Dakota

R

Andy Beshear

42

Kentucky

D

 

Bill Lee

60

Tennessee

R

John Bel Edwards

53

Louisiana

D

 

Gregory Abbott

62

Texas

R

Janet Mills

72

Maine

D

 

Gary Herbert

72

Utah

R

Larry Hogan

63

Maryland

R

 

Phil Scott

61

Vermont

R

Charles Baker, Jr.

63

Massachusetts

R

 

Ralph Northam

60

Virginia

D

Gretchen Whitmer

48

Michigan

D

 

Jay Inslee

69

Washington

D

Tim Walz

55

Minnesota

D

 

Jim Justice

68

West Virginia

R

Tate Reeves

45

Mississippi

R

 

Tony Evers

68

Wisconsin

D

Michael Parson

64

Missouri

R

 

Mark Gordon

62

Wyoming

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Our other territory leaders as of March 1, 2020 were as follows:

Name

Age

Area Represented

Party *

 

* Party Affiliation Key

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lolo Moliga

71

American Samoa

I

 

D

Democrat

 

Muriel Bowser

47

District of Columbia

D

 

I

Independent

 

Lou Leon Guerrero

69

Guam

D

 

R

Republican

 

Ralph Torres

40

Northern Mariana Islands

R

 

PNP

New Progressive
Party of Puerto Rico

Wanda Vazquez

59

Puerto Rico

PNP

 

Albert Bryan

52

US Virgin Islands

D