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Customers > Item 1 - Purpose and Function of Our Government - General > PART I > Government 10-K

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Our Government’s customers are the individuals living in the US and US citizens living overseas, including members of the armed forces. As of July 1, 2017, the population of the US, excluding US territories, was 325 million. The population of the US is growing but at a rate that is generally decelerating; the population of the US grew 1% during each of the years ended July 1, 2017 and July 1, 2016, 15% in the 17 years following July 1, 2000, and 43% in the 37 years following July 1, 1980.

Demographics of our population

Below are tables with demographics of our population, as follows:

  • the first two tables show demographics of our overall population, first combined and then by race and ethnicity;
  • the third and fourth tables show demographics of our largest non-white race population (African-American people) and our largest ethnic population (Hispanic people), respectively; and
  • the fifth and sixth tables show demographics for our native-born and foreign-born populations, respectively.

Population demographics

 

1980

1990

2000

2010

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total population (in thousands) 1,4

227,225

249,623

282,162

309,322

320,635

322,941

324,986

326,688

328,240

Population change 2

2,920

2,588

2,457

2,395

2,334

2,306

2,044

1,702

1,552

Natural

2,021

1,959

1,579

1,659

1,293

1,259

1,114

1,000

957

Births

4,492

4,114

3,966

4,150

3,992

3,963

3,902

3,825

3,792

Deaths

2,471

2,155

2,387

2,491

2,700

2,703

2,788

2,824

2,835

Net migration

na

na

878

735

1,042

1,047

930

702

595

Residual 3

899

534

Age and gender 1,4,6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Male

48.6%

48.8%

49.1%

49.2%

49.2%

49.2%

49.2%

49.2%

na

Female

51.4%

51.2%

50.9%

50.8%

50.8%

50.8%

50.8%

50.8%

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

<5 years of age

7.2%

7.6%

6.8%

6.5%

6.2%

6.2%

6.1%

6.1%

na

5 to 14 years

15.3%

14.1%

14.6%

13.3%

12.8%

12.7%

12.6%

12.6%

na

15 to 24 years

18.7%

14.8%

14.0%

14.1%

13.7%

13.5%

13.3%

13.2%

na

25 to 34 years

16.5%

17.3%

14.1%

13.3%

13.7%

13.9%

14.0%

14.0%

na

35 to 44 years

11.4%

15.1%

16.0%

13.2%

12.6%

12.6%

12.6%

12.6%

na

45 to 54 years

10.0%

10.1%

13.5%

14.5%

13.4%

13.3%

13.0%

12.7%

na

55 to 64 years

9.6%

8.5%

8.7%

11.9%

12.7%

12.8%

12.9%

12.9%

na

65+ years

11.3%

12.5%

12.4%

13.1%

14.9%

15.3%

15.6%

16.0%

na

18+ years

71.9%

74.4%

74.3%

76.0%

77.2%

77.3%

77.6%

77.7%

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Median age (years)

30.0

33.0

35.3

37.2

37.8

37.9

38.0

38.2

na

Race and ethnicity 1,4,5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

85.7%

83.9%

81.0%

78.3%

77.2%

77.0%

76.8%

76.6%

na

Black/African American

11.7%

12.3%

12.7%

13.0%

13.3%

13.3%

13.4%

13.4%

na

Asian

1.6%

3.0%

4.0%

4.9%

5.6%

5.7%

5.8%

5.9%

na

American Indian/Alaska Native

0.6%

0.8%

1.0%

1.4%

1.5%

1.5%

1.5%

1.3%

na

Other/Mixed Race

na

na

1.4%

2.3%

2.6%

2.6%

2.7%

3.0%

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hispanic

6.4%

9.0%

12.6%

16.4%

17.6%

17.9%

18.1%

18.3%

na

Non-Hispanic, White only

na

75.6%

69.4%

63.8%

61.7%

61.3%

60.9%

60.5%

na

Regional 1,4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northeast

21.6%

20.4%

19.0%

17.9%

17.5%

17.4%

17.2%

17.2%

17.1%

Midwest

25.9%

24.0%

22.9%

21.7%

21.2%

21.1%

21.0%

20.9%

20.8%

South

33.3%

34.4%

35.6%

37.1%

37.7%

37.9%

38.0%

38.1%

38.3%

West

19.1%

21.3%

22.5%

23.3%

23.6%

23.7%

23.8%

23.8%

23.9%

Educational attainment 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Population 25 years and over (in thousands)

na

158,868

175,230

199,928

212,132

215,015

216,921

219,830

na

Less than high school graduate

na

24.8%

15.9%

12.9%

11.6%

10.9%

10.4%

10.2%

na

High school graduate

na

30.0%

33.1%

31.2%

29.5%

28.8%

28.8%

28.5%

na

Some college or associate’s degree

na

24.9%

25.4%

26.0%

26.4%

26.8%

26.6%

26.3%

na

Bachelor’s degree

na

13.1%

17.0%

19.4%

20.5%

20.8%

21.3%

21.9%

na

Graduate or professional degree

na

7.2%

8.6%

10.5%

12.0%

12.6%

12.8%

13.1%

na

Households and families 7, 8, 10, 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total households (in thousands)

80,776

93,347

104,705

117,538

124,587

125,819

126,224

127,586

128,579

Total family households (in thousands)

59,550

66,091

72,026

78,833

81,716

82,183

82,828

83,088

83,482

% total households married no kids

29.9%

29.8%

28.7%

28.8%

28.9%

29.0%

29.4%

29.3%

29.7%

% total households married parents

30.9%

26.3%

24.1%

20.9%

19.3%

18.9%

18.7%

18.7%

18.5%

% total households single fathers

0.8%

1.2%

1.7%

1.9%

1.9%

2.0%

1.9%

1.9%

1.9%

% total households single mothers

6,7%

7.1%

7.2%

7.2%

6.9%

6.8%

6.5%

6.4%

6.0%

% total households other family

5.4%

6.5%

7.0%

8.3%

8.6%

8.7%

9.0%

8.8%

8.8%

Total non-family households (in thousands)

21,226

27,257

32,680

38,705

42,871

43,635

43,396

44,498

45,096

% total households single person

22.7%

24.6%

25.5%

26.7%

28.0%

28.1%

27.9%

28.0%

28.4%

% total households multiple people non-family

3.6%

4.6%

5.7%

6.2%

6.4%

6.6%

6.5%

6.9%

6.7%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Young adults (25-34 years) living at home (in thousands)

3,194

4,987

3,989

5,520

6,509

7,020

7,108

7,537

7,580

Rate of young adults living at home

8.7%

11.5%

10.6%

13.4%

15.1%

16.0%

16.1%

16.8%

16.8%

Average household size

2.76

2.63

2.62

2.59

2.54

2.53

2.54

2.53

2.52

Average family size

3.29

3.17

3.17

3.16

3.14

3.15

3.14

3.14

3.14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marital status (age 15 years+) 7, 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currently married

61.0%

58.7%

56.2%

53.6%

52.4%

52.1%

52.4%

52.1%

52.3%

All men

63.2%

60.7%

57.9%

54.8%

53.7%

53.4%

53.8%

53.4%

53.6%

All women

58.9%

56.9%

54.7%

52.4%

51.2%

50.8%

51.0%

50.8%

51.1%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net divorce rate 12

7.8%

10.7%

12.9%

14.1%

14.8%

14.6%

14.5%

14.6%

14.3%

All men

6.8%

9.7%

12.1%

12.9%

13.6%

13.2%

13.3%

13.4%

12.9%

All women

8.6%

11.5%

13.6%

15.2%

15.9%

15.8%

15.5%

15.6%

15.5%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: US Census Bureau.

†† We limited the data in this table to the years presented to provide the most recent data but to also fit the table to the page. Additional years of data and more detail may be found on our website. Click “More detail” to access it.

na An “na” reference in the table means the data is not available.

1 Population statistics for 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2010 are from the decennial census published April 1 each decade. All other years are from official intercensal estimates and postcensal estimates produced on July 1 of each year. For years 1990 forward, census data was exported from the CDC WONDER database.

2 Components of population change are from yearly intercensal estimates taken on July 1 of each year. Estimates have not been revised for all years and as a result total population change does not always add to the gap between annual population estimates. For 2010 forward, population change has not been revised. The difference between annual population change estimates and change in estimated total population have been included in the residual.

3 The “residual” shown here includes the components of population change: net international migration, Federal Citizen movement, net domestic migration, and a statistical residual. For post-1990 estimates, the estimates methodology was refined to allow separate identification of these components. The 2010 and forward components of population change include an unstated residual which is the gap between revised population estimates and change estimates reported each year.

4 Total population estimates by the Census Bureau are produced in March of each year while the demographic statistics are produced in July. All figures will be updated when full data is available in July.

5 Race categories have been redefined many times in the history of the census. Due to the ability to choose “some other race” in census years and select more than one race in 2000 and later, race estimates in census years sometimes vary significantly from intercensal estimates.

6 1980 population by age comes from revised 1980 numbers as found in intercensal estimate documents from 1990.

7 Educational attainment, living arrangements, marital status, and household and family statistics are from the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement produced in March of each year. It includes the civilian non-institutional population plus armed forces living off post or with their families on post.

8 1980 data was revised based on census estimates. The 2014 CPS ASEC included redesigned questions for income and health insurance coverage. All of the approximately 98,000 addresses were selected to receive the improved set of health insurance coverage items. The improved income questions were implemented using a split panel design. Approximately 68,000 addresses were selected to receive a set of income questions similar to those used in the 2013 CPS ASEC. The remaining 30,000 addresses were selected
to receive the redesigned income questions. The source of data for this table is the CPS ASEC sample of 98,000 addresses.

9 Marital status includes householders whose race was reported as only one race (rather than in combination with one or more other races) after 2003.

10 A household is an occupied housing unit.

11 In table titles, “family” is used to refer to a family household. In general, family consists of those related to each other by birth, marriage or adoption.

12 Net divorce rate is calculated as currently divorced as a percentage of ever married.

From 1980 through 2017, our population has remained 49% male and 51% female but has shifted in the ways discussed below.

We’re getting older – the median age of our population has increased by 8 years or 27%, from 30.0 years old in 1980 to 38.0 years old in 2017.

We’re becoming more diverse racially, ethnically, and in our country of origin –

  • The US population of non-Hispanic white people has decreased 15 percentage points since 1990 to 61% of our population in 2017, with other races and ethnicities increasing over this same time.
  • The share of foreign-born individuals within our population has increased 3 percentage points since 2000 to 14% of our population in 2017. Foreign-born individuals:
    • have a higher labor participation rate (66% in 2017) than native-born individuals (63% in 2017);
    • work in more manual jobs (e.g. service, natural resources, construction, maintenance, moving); and
    • have lower annual earnings (40% earned $50,000 or more in 2017) than native-born individuals (49% earned $50,000 or more in 2017).
  • Our annual population growth from migration (0.9 million in 2017) is approaching the growth from births and deaths (1.1 million in 2017).

We’re moving south and west – our population is migrating from the Northeast and Midwest to the South and West. States range in population from just under 600,000 (Wyoming) to over 39 million (California).

We’re becoming more educated – the rate of individuals with less than a high school diploma has decreased 14 percentage points since 1990 to 10%, while the share of adults 25 years and over with at least some college experience has increased 16 percentage points to 61% in 2017.

The composition of our households and families is changing – our total number of households has increased, but:

  • the size of the average household (a person or people residing together in a housing unit) has decreased 0.2 people or 8% since 1980 to 2.5 people per household in 2017, as more people are living alone and fewer people are having children;
  • the size of the average family (two or more people related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together) has decreased 0.2 people or 5% since 1980 to 3.1 people per family in 2017;
  • the share of households that comprise married families has decreased 13 percentage points since 1980 to 48% in 2017, while the share of households that comprise unmarried individuals or families have increased 13 percentage points to 52% in 2017;
  • the share of our population that is currently married has decreased 9 percentage points for men and 8 percentage points for women since 1980 to 54% and 51%, respectively, in 2017, while the rate of individuals currently divorced has increased 7 percentage points for men and 7 percentage points for women to 13% and 16%, respectively, in 2017; and
  • the number of young adults (25 – 34 years old) living at home has increased 123% since 1980 to 7.1 million or 16% of all young adults in 2017.

Demographics by race and ethnicity

For US federal government reporting, race and ethnicity are two separate and distinct concepts that generally reflect social definitions recognized in this country and do not conform to any biological, anthropological, or genetic criteria. Data for ethnicity is reported as Hispanic or non-Hispanic. Hispanic origin can be viewed as the heritage, nationality, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person’s parents or ancestors. People who identify as Hispanic may be any race. People may choose to report more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, such as “American Indian” and “White.” Federal government agencies report data for at least five race categories: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.

 

1980

1990

2000

2010

2015

2016

2017

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total population (in thousands)

227,225

249,623

282,162

309,322

320,635

322,941

324,986

326,688

White

194,713

209,367

228,530

242,244

247,585

248,619

249,619

na

Black/African American

26,683

30,648

35,815

40,358

42,608

43,059

43,500

na

Asian

3,729

7,549

11,173

15,267

17,860

18,428

18,989

na

Hispanic

14,609

22,573

35,662

50,753

56,505

57,733

58,947

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poverty rate of all persons

13.0%

13.5%

11.3%

15.1%

13.5%

12.7%

12.3%

11.8%

White population 1

10.2%

10.7%

9.5%

13.0%

11.6%

11.0%

10.5%

10.1%

Black 1

32.5%

31.9%

22.5%

27.4%

24.1%

22.0%

21.7%

20.8%

Asian 1

na

12.2%

9.9%

12.2%

11.4%

10.1%

9.7%

10.1%

Hispanic

25.7%

28.1%

21.5%

26.5%

21.4%

19.4%

18.3%

17.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crime

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total arrests (in thousands) 6

10,458

14,217

13,986

13,122

10,797

10,662

10,555

10,311

White

74.0%

69.8%

68.9%

69.5%

69.7%

69.6%

68.9%

69.0%

Black/African American

24.2%

28.3%

28.8%

27.9%

26.6%

26.9%

27.2%

27.4%

American Indian/Alaska Native

1.2%

1.1%

1.3%

1.4%

2.1%

2.0%

2.4%

2.1%

Asian/Pacific Islander

0.6%

0.8%

1.1%

1.2%

1.5%

1.5%

1.5%

1.4%

Total sentenced prisoners (in thousands) 7

330

774

1,394

1,614

1,527

1,508

1,489

na

White (non-Hispanic) 8

na

na

35.6%

31.2%

30.5%

30.2%

30.3%

na

Black (non-Hispanic) 8

na

na

46.2%

36.9%

33.8%

33.4%

33.1%

na

Hispanic

na

na

16.4%

22.3%

22.6%

23.3%

23.4%

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

High school dropout rate 2

14.1%

12.1%

10.9%

7.4%

5.9%

6.1%

5.8%

na

White

11.4%

9.0%

6.9%

5.1%

4.6%

5.2%

4.6%

na

Black

19.1%

13.2%

13.1%

8.0%

6.5%

6.2%

5.7%

na

Hispanic

35.2%

32.4%

27.8%

15.1%

9.2%

8.6%

9.5%

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

College graduation rate (at 4 yr institutions, within 6 yrs of start) 3

na

na

na

57.8%

59.6%

59.4%

59.8%

na

White

na

na

na

61.1%

63.2%

63.3%

63.9%

na

Black

na

na

na

39.5%

40.9%

39.5%

39.7%

na

Hispanic

na

na

na

49.1%

53.5%

53.6%

54.4%

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Civil rights violations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equal employment charges

na

na

79,896

99,922

89,385

91,503

84,254

76,418

By race

na

na

28,945

35,890

31,027

32,309

28,528

24,600

By ethnicity/national origin

na

na

7,792

11,304

9,438

9,840

8,299

7,106

By color

na

na

1,290

2,780

2,833

3,102

3,240

3,166

Hate crimes based on race/ethnicity/ancestry 4

na

na

5,248

3,982

3,310

3,489

4,131

4,047

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employment (as % of working-age population) 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

60.0%

63.7%

64.9%

59.4%

59.9%

60.2%

60.4%

60.7%

Black

52.3%

56.7%

60.9%

52.3%

55.7%

56.4%

57.6%

58.3%

Asian

na

na

64.8%

59.9%

60.4%

60.9%

61.5%

61.6%

Hispanic

57.6%

61.9%

65.7%

59.0%

61.6%

62.0%

62.7%

63.2%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

% of births to mothers under 18 (by race of mother)

na

4.7%

4.1%

2.8%

1.6%

1.4%

1.3%

1.2%

White

na

3.6%

3.5%

2.5%

1.5%

0.8%

0.8%

0.7%

Black/African American

na

10.1%

7.8%

4.9%

2.6%

2.3%

2.0%

1.9%

Asian/Pacific Islander

na

2.1%

1.5%

0.7%

0.4%

0.2%

0.2%

0.2%

Hispanic/Latina (of any race)

na

6.6%

6.3%

4.7%

2.7%

2.5%

2.3%

2.1%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life expectancy at birth

73.7

75.4

76.8

78.7

78.7

78.7

78.6

78.7

White

74.4

76.1

77.3

78.9

78.9

78.6

78.5

na

Black

68.1

69.1

71.8

75.1

75.5

74.9

74.9

na

Hispanic

na

na

na

81.7

81.9

81.8

81.8

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortality rate (per 100,000 persons)

878.3

863.8

854.0

799.5

844.0

849.3

863.8

867.8

White

892.5

888.0

900.2

861.7

915.9

919.3

936.6

939.9

Black/African American

875.4

871.0

781.1

682.2

713.4

732.3

742.4

754.1

Asian/Pacific Islander

296.9

283.3

296.6

301.1

331.7

340.0

349.3

355.9

American Indian/Alaska Native

487.4

402.8

380.8

365.1

415.4

425.6

434.6

438.2

Hispanic

na

na

303.8

286.2

317.1

327.6

334.6

341.9

Non-Hispanic

na

na

929.6

897.6

952.4

958.8

977.4

982.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infant (under 1 year old) mortality (per 1,000 births)

na

8.9 

6.9 

6.1 

5.9 

5.9

5.8

na

White

na

7.3

5.7

5.2

4.9

4.9

4.9

na

Black/African American

na

16.9

13.5

11.2

11.0

10.8

10.4

na

Asian/Pacific Islander

na

6.6

4.9

4.3

4.2

4.0

4.2

na

Hispanic/Latina (of any race)

na

7.5

5.6

5.3

5.0

5.0

5.1

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of children in foster care on September 30

na

na

552,000

404,878

437,328

436,551

442,995

437,283

White

na

na

38%

41%

45%

44%

44%

44%

Black

na

na

39%

29%

23%

23%

23%

22%

Hispanic

na

na

15%

21%

20%

21%

21%

22%

Asian

na

na

1%

1%

1%

1%

—%

—%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources: US Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Center for Education Statistics.

na An “na” reference in the table means the data is not available.

1 Includes mixed races prior to 2002.

2 16-24 years old who are not enrolled in school and who have not completed a high school program, regardless of when they left school.

3 Data are for 4-year degree-granting postsecondary institutions participating in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Graduation rates refer to students receiving bachelor’s degrees from their initial institutions of attendance only. Graduation rate is for cohort starting six years earlier. Totals include data for persons whose race/ethnicity was not reported. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.

4 A hate crime is a traditional offense like murder, arson, or vandalism with an added element of bias. For the purposes of collecting statistics, the FBI has defined a hate crime as a “criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, or gender identity.” Hate itself is not a crime – and the FBI is mindful of protecting freedom of speech and other civil liberties.

5 Total employment is from the current employment statistics (CES) survey and represents average annual national non-farm employment. All self-employed workers, both incorporated and unincorporated, are excluded from these earnings estimates.

6 Arrests include each separate instance in which a person is arrested, cited, or summoned for an offense. A single arrest may be for a single criminal incident or for many incidents that occurred over a long time period. Because a person may be arrested multiple times during a year, arrest figures do not reflect the number of individuals who have been arrested. Rather, the arrest data show the number of times that persons are arrested, as reported by law enforcement agencies. Data reflect the hierarchy of offenses, meaning that the most serious offense in a multiple-offense arrest instance is used to characterize the arrest.

7 Sentenced prisoners are prisoners with sentences of more than 1 year under the jurisdiction of state or federal correctional officials.

8 Data source used to estimate race and Hispanic origin changed in 2010. Use caution when comparing to prior years.

African-American population

 

1980

1990

2000

2010

2015

2016

2017

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

African-American population (in thousands)

26,683

29,931

34,658

40,357

42,561

43,003

43,410

43,804

% of total population

11.8%

12.0%

12.3%

13.0%

13.3%

13.3%

13.4%

13.4%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Age and gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Male

47.3%

47.2%

47.5%

47.7%

47.9%

47.9%

47.9%

47.9%

Female

52.7%

52.8%

52.5%

52.3%

52.1%

52.1%

52.1%

52.1%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

<5 years of age

9.2%

9.2%

8.1%

7.6%

7.1%

7.1%

7.0%

6.9%

5 to 14 years

19.5%

17.7%

18.3%

15.3%

14.5%

14.3%

14.2%

14.1%

15 to 24 years

21.6%

17.1%

16.0%

16.9%

16.1%

15.7%

15.3%

14.9%

25 to 34 years

15.9%

18.1%

14.9%

14.1%

14.9%

15.2%

15.5%

15.7%

35 to 44 years

10.2%

14.0%

15.9%

13.5%

13.0%

12.9%

12.9%

12.9%

45 to 54 years

8.6%

8.9%

11.8%

14.0%

13.1%

12.9%

12.7%

12.5%

55 to 64 years

7.2%

6.7%

6.8%

9.9%

11.2%

11.4%

11.5%

11.6%

65+ years

7.8%

8.4%

8.1%

8.7%

10.2%

10.6%

10.9%

11.3%

18+ years

64.5%

68.0%

68.6%

72.0%

73.9%

74.2%

74.4%

74.7%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Median age (years)

24.9

28.3

30.2

32.1

33.2

33.4

33.6

33.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northeast

18.3%

18.7%

17.6%

16.8%

16.4%

16.3%

16.5%

16.2%

Midwest

20.1%

19.0%

18.8%

17.9%

17.3%

17.2%

17.1%

17.1%

South

53.0%

52.8%

54.8%

56.5%

57.6%

57.8%

57.7%

57.8%

West

8.5%

9.4%

8.9%

8.8%

8.7%

8.7%

8.7%

8.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Educational attainment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Population 25 years and over (in thousands)

na

15,761

19,858

22,969

25,420

25,976

26,455

27,047

Less than high school graduate

na

32.9%

27.7%

18.4%

16.1%

16.1%

15.8%

12.1%

High school graduate

na

29.7%

29.8%

32.6%

31.0%

30.3%

29.8%

32.7%

Some college or associate’s degree

na

25.3%

28.2%

29.2%

30.4%

30.3%

30.4%

30.0%

Bachelor’s degree

na

8.0%

9.5%

10.4%

14.3%

14.8%

15.1%

16.3%

Graduate or professional degree

na

4.1%

4.8%

8.9%

8.2%

8.5%

8.8%

8.9%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of households (in thousands)

8,847

10,671

13,174

15,265

16,539

16,733

16,997

17,167

Earning <$15,000 annually

25.5%

25.6%

18.1%

22.3%

20.7%

19.8%

19.6%

19.2%

$15,000 to $24,999

16.2%

13.5%

12.1%

13.8%

13.5%

12.4%

12.6%

12.6%

$25,000 to $34,999

13.2%

10.9%

11.1%

12.3%

12.0%

11.8%

11.6%

11.6%

$35,000 to $49,999

14.6%

14.1%

14.9%

13.9%

13.1%

13.9%

13.8%

13.7%

$50,000 to $74,999

16.0%

17.1%

17.9%

15.2%

16.0%

16.5%

15.8%

16.4%

$75,000 or more

14.5%

18.7%

25.9%

22.5%

24.6%

25.7%

26.7%

26.3%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Population 16 years and over (in thousands)

na

na

na

29,475

31,505

31,798

32,279

32,557

In labor force

na

na

na

62.2%

62.0%

62.3%

62.5%

62.6%

Civilian labor force

na

na

na

61.7%

61.6%

61.9%

62.1%

62.2%

Employed

na

na

na

50.6%

54.6%

55.6%

56.2%

56.8%

Unemployed

na

na

na

11.1%

7.0%

6.3%

5.9%

5.4%

Armed Forces

na

na

na

0.5%

0.5%

0.5%

0.4%

0.4%

Not in labor force

na

na

na

37.8%

38.0%

37.7%

37.5%

37.4%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: US Census Bureau.

na An “na” reference in the table means the data is not available.

Hispanic population

 

1980

1990

2000

2010

2015

2016

2017

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hispanic population (in thousands)

14,609

21,900

35,306

50,747

56,364

57,573

58,707

59,872

% of total population

6.4%

8.8%

12.5%

16.4%

17.6%

17.8%

18.1%

18.3%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Age and gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Male

49.8%

50.8%

51.4%

50.7%

50.5%

50.5%

50.5%

50.5%

Female

50.2%

49.2%

48.6%

49.3%

49.5%

49.5%

49.5%

49.5%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

<5 years of age

11.4%

10.6%

10.5%

10.1%

9.0%

8.9%

8.7%

8.6%

5 to 14 years

20.6%

19.0%

19.2%

18.5%

18.0%

18.0%

17.8%

17.6%

15 to 24 years

21.9%

19.1%

18.6%

17.6%

16.9%

16.8%

16.6%

16.5%

25 to 34 years

17.1%

20.0%

18.4%

16.6%

15.8%

15.7%

15.7%

15.6%

35 to 44 years

10.7%

13.3%

14.5%

14.5%

14.5%

14.4%

14.4%

14.4%

45 to 54 years

8.1%

7.8%

8.9%

10.8%

11.5%

11.6%

11.7%

11.7%

55 to 64 years

5.3%

5.3%

4.8%

6.4%

7.6%

7.8%

8.0%

8.2%

65+ years

4.9%

4.8%

4.9%

5.5%

6.6%

6.9%

7.1%

7.4%

18+ years

61.5%

65.1%

65.0%

66.1%

67.9%

68.1%

68.5%

68.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Median age (years)

23.2

25.6

25.8

27.3

28.7

28.9

29.2

29.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northeast

17.8%

16.6%

14.9%

13.9%

14.0%

14.0%

14.0%

13.8%

Midwest

8.7%

7.6%

8.8%

9.2%

9.2%

9.1%

9.1%

9.1%

South

30.6%

30.4%

32.8%

36.1%

36.9%

37.2%

37.5%

37.8%

West

42.8%

45.4%

43.5%

40.8%

39.9%

39.7%

39.4%

39.2%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Educational attainment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Population 25 years and over (in thousands)

na

11,227

18,270

26,375

31,020

32,019

32,660

33,877

Less than high school graduate

na

50.2%

47.6%

39.4%

36.5%

34.8%

32.6%

28.4%

High school graduate

na

21.6%

22.1%

27.4%

26.7%

27.3%

27.9%

30.7%

Some college or associate’s degree

na

19.1%

19.9%

19.3%

21.3%

21.5%

22.6%

22.5%

Bachelor’s degree

na

5.9%

6.7%

10.1%

10.8%

11.1%

12.2%

13.0%

Graduate or professional degree

na

3.3%

3.8%

3.8%

4.7%

5.3%

5.1%

5.3%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of households (in thousands)

3,906

6,220

10,034

14,435

16,667

16,915

17,336

17,758

Earning <$15,000 annually

16.3%

16.1%

11.5%

14.8%

13.0%

12.1%

12.1%

11.4%

$15,000 to $24,999

14.4%

14.9%

12.5%

13.1%

12.0%

10.9%

11.0%

11.0%

$25,000 to $34,999

14.1%

11.9%

11.1%

13.3%

12.6%

11.6%

11.2%

10.8%

$35,000 to $49,999

16.8%

16.1%

16.4%

14.8%

14.8%

15.5%

14.6%

15.0%

$50,000 to $74,999

19.0%

19.7%

20.1%

17.7%

17.7%

18.0%

19.1%

18.8%

$75,000 or more

19.4%