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Provisional data for 2022 shows that life expectancy increased by 1.1 years to 77.5, after decreasing in 2020 and 2021.

It’s now 0.5 years higher than in 2020 but 1.3 years lower than in 2019. Waning COVID-19 mortality accounted for approximately 84% of the rise in life expectancy.


Accidents have consistently been the leading cause of death for children since data collection started in 1999. In 2022, nearly half of those deaths were motor vehicle accidents.

Homicide went from being the fourth leading cause of death in 2019 to the second in 2022, surpassing suicide and cancer. Firearms were the primary weapon in 77% of child homicides in 2022.


About 3.3 million people died in 2022, 5.3% fewer than in 2021, but 14.9% more than 2019. The top three causes — heart disease, cancer, and accidents — accounted for 47% of deaths.

COVID-19 dropped from the third leading cause of death to fourth in 2022. Preliminary 2023 data shows that 3.07 million people died from January 1 through December 31.


Fentanyl-involved overdose deaths increased from 0.8 per 100,000 people (or 2,628 deaths) in 2012 to 22.8 per 100,000 people (74,127) in 2022. Fentanyl has been involved in more overdose deaths than any other drug annually since 2016.

Methamphetamine and cocaine-related deaths have also been increasing, since 2008 and 2012, respectively.


In 2022, an estimated 23.1% of US adults suffered from a mental illness.

Women, people of two or more races, white people, the unemployed, and part-time workers have higher rates of mental illness than the national rate. Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder.


The federal government spent nearly $117.0 billion on public health in 2023 — 35.9% less than in 2022 but 59.1% more than in 2019.

Most of the decrease from 2022 to 2023 was due to a reduction in Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund spending, which was elevated in 2020, 2021, and 2022 due to COVID-19.


In 2022, 92.1% of the population (304.0 million people) had health insurance. This is back to pre-pandemic levels after dropping below 92% in 2020 and 2021.

The share of people with private health insurance fell 2.4 percentage points from 2019 to 2022. Meanwhile, the share of Americans with Medicare, Medicaid, or other public health insurance grew by 2.0 percentage points.


Per-enrollee spending fell across Medicare, Medicaid, CHIP, and private insurance plans in 2022.

Medicare and Medicaid cover older and low-income populations and spend more per enrollee than private insurance. However, the amount spent per enrollee decreased more for Medicare and Medicaid than private health insurance from 2021 to 2022.

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