Home / Reports / 2022 State of the Union / Population


Six states gained congressional seats after the 2020 census. Seven states lost a seat.

Each decade, the federal government is constitutionally obligated to conduct a census and count every person in the US. Census data is used to apportion congressional representation, adjust electoral districts, and determine federal funding.


In 2021, 331.9 million people lived in the United States.

That's a 46.1% increase since 1980.


The population grew by 392,665 from 2020 to 2021, or 0.1%, the lowest annual growth rate since the nation's founding.

Immigration made up 62.3% of annual growth as births decreased and deaths increased. ​


The country is growing more diverse.

The non-Hispanic white population fell below 60% in the 2020 census, with Hispanic Americans accounting for 51% of population growth between 2010 and 2020.


According to preliminary data, the 2021 death rate continued to surpass historical standards at 9.7 deaths per 1,000 people.

It was a slight decrease from 2020's rate of 10.2 but higher than the average of 8.4 deaths per 1,000 from 2010 to 2019.​​


The population is getting older.

Since 1980, people 65 and older have increased from 11.3% to 16.8% of the total population.​


More people are living alone.

Eleven percent of the population now lives alone, up from 8% in 1980.

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