HIV in America: The data behind the virus

Published on February 5th 2019

In his State of the Union speech, President Donald Trump called on funding to eliminate HIV and AIDS within 10 years. Here’s a look at the data behind the virus that once killed more people than liver disease, but has become less lethal in recent years.

The spread of HIV peaked in the mid-1980s, as the United States had an estimated 130,400 new cases in both 1984 and 1985, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC data shows that the number of diagnoses have been declining since 2006. In 2017, the agency released a report suggesting the decline is “due in large part, to efforts to increase the number of people living with HIV who know their HIV status and are virally suppressed.”

In 2017, HIV was diagnosed in over 38,000 people.

New HIV diagnoses

Note: Figures before 2008 are estimates from the CDC.

The virus continues to disproportionately affect certain populations, with African-Americans, gay and bisexual males, and those who live in the South being diagnosed more than the rest of the population.

HIV diagnoses rate by race (per 100,000 people)

HIV diagnoses rate by region (per 100,000 people)

HIV diagnoses by transmission type

The HIV-related death rate peaked in 1995, killing 16.3 out of every 100,000 people. In that year, HIV was a bigger contributor to death than each of these causes: suicides, homicides, drug overdoses and liver disease.

In 2016, the HIV-related death rate fell to 1.8 out of every 100,000 people.

Sources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Age-adjusted death rates for selected causes of death, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin: United States, selected years 1950–2016

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017

Other Features

  • State of the Union

    State of the Union

    What do presidents historically talk about when they address the nation, and how does it compare to trends in areas such as jobs, wages, education, national security, and healthcare?

    View the Report
  • HIV

    HIV

    The fight against HIV and AIDS has been ongoing since the 1980s. Here’s the government’s data and how many people have been affected and how far the epidemic has fallen.

    View the Report
  • Employment & Earnings

    Employment and Earnings

    A new way to look at monthly job numbers.

    View the Report
  • Is Social Security Sustainable?

    Social Security

    The Social Security Administration predicts that in 2018 payments will begin to exceed income for the program.

    View the Report
  • US Immigration Throughout History

    Immigration History

    Explore US immigration policies and programs throughout history.

    View the Report
  • Immigration

    Immigration

    Explore the total number of immigrants to the US over time, the purpose for their visit, and their countries of origin.

    View the Report
  • 2019 Budget Proposal

    2019 Budget Proposal

    The White House released the proposed budget for 2019 and beyond. Check out the President’s proposed changes to spending by agency and program.

    View the Report
  • Tax Policy

    Tax policy

    Tax policy is at the top of the agenda in the US. Get the facts you need to evaluate the proposed changes.

    View the Reports
  • 2018 Presidential budget

    2018 Presidential budget

    Congress needs to pass a budget by year’s end. Check out the President’s revenue and spending proposals, and see what the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office has to say about them.

    View the ReportPlay the Video
  • Interstate Population Migration

    Interstate Population Migration

    For a comprehensive view on interstate migration patterns, please read our interactive report based on federal individual income tax returns as analyzed by the IRS.

    View Report