In his State of the Union speech, President Donald Trump called on funding to eliminate HIV and AIDS within 10 years. Here’s a look at the data behind the virus that once killed more people than liver disease, but has become less lethal in recent years.
The spread of HIV peaked in the mid-1980s, as the United States had an estimated 130,400 new cases in both 1984 and 1985, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC data shows that the number of diagnoses have been declining since 2006. In 2017, the agency released a report suggesting the decline is “due in large part, to efforts to increase the number of people living with HIV who know their HIV status and are virally suppressed.”
In 2017, HIV was diagnosed in over 38,000 people.
New HIV diagnoses
Note: Figures before 2008 are estimates from the CDC.
The virus continues to disproportionately affect certain populations, with African-Americans, gay and bisexual males, and those who live in the South being diagnosed more than the rest of the population.
HIV diagnoses rate by race (per 100,000 people)
HIV diagnoses rate by region (per 100,000 people)
HIV diagnoses by transmission type
The HIV-related death rate peaked in 1995, killing 16.3 out of every 100,000 people. In that year, HIV was a bigger contributor to death than each of these causes: suicides, homicides, drug overdoses and liver disease.
In 2016, the HIV-related death rate fell to 1.8 out of every 100,000 people.
HIV-related age-adjusted death rate (100,000 people)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Age-adjusted death rates for selected causes of death, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin: United States, selected years 1950–2016
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017
State of the Union
What do presidents historically talk about when they address the nation, and how does it compare to trends in areas such as jobs, wages, education, national security, and healthcare?View the Report
The fight against HIV and AIDS has been ongoing since the 1980s. Here’s the government’s data and how many people have been affected and how far the epidemic has fallen.View the Report
Employment & Earnings
A new way to look at monthly job numbers.View the Report
Is Social Security Sustainable?
The Social Security Administration predicts that in 2018 payments will begin to exceed income for the program.View the Report
US Immigration Throughout History
Explore US immigration policies and programs throughout history.View the Report
Explore the total number of immigrants to the US over time, the purpose for their visit, and their countries of origin.View the Report
2019 Budget Proposal
The White House released the proposed budget for 2019 and beyond. Check out the President’s proposed changes to spending by agency and program.View the Report
Tax policy is at the top of the agenda in the US. Get the facts you need to evaluate the proposed changes.View the Reports
2018 Presidential budget
Congress needs to pass a budget by year’s end. Check out the President’s revenue and spending proposals, and see what the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office has to say about them.View the ReportPlay the Video
Interstate Population Migration
For a comprehensive view on interstate migration patterns, please read our interactive report based on federal individual income tax returns as analyzed by the IRS.View Report