Yearly Report PART II Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Key metrics by segment

Published on Tue, April 14, 2020 2:39PM PDT | Updated Fri, April 17, 2020 6:27PM PDT

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Key metrics by segment > Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations > PART II > Government 10-K

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In this section, we analyze by segment certain key metrics that measure progress towards our constitutional objectives of justice and domestic tranquility, common defense, general welfare, and security of the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity. We chose metrics for which government data was available and that seemed representative of the status of these objectives. There are more metrics on our website at https://usafacts.org/, which you can access by selecting the “More detail” links next to the tables below.

As discussed in Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors, in a free society, human behavior cannot be fully regulated or controlled. Government provides services, promulgates regulations, and enacts legislation intended to make progress towards our constitutional objectives; however, people are responsible for making their own choices. In addition, there are many other forces influencing these key metrics, including the natural world, governments and citizens of other countries, and businesses and philanthropic organizations worldwide. Therefore, one should not assume that the revenue and expenditures discussed above and the legislation discussed throughout this document caused the key metrics discussed in this section.

Justice and Domestic Tranquility (JDT)

The JDT segment works to establish justice and ensure domestic tranquility among the US population. Its reporting units are crime and disaster, safeguarding consumers and employees, and child safety and miscellaneous social services. Overall, the long-term trend for the past decade shows we:

  • made meaningful progress on reducing: overall numbers of crimes reported and related arrests; numbers of youth imprisoned in state prisons; most types of fires and civilian deaths from home and other structure fires; transportation fatalities; workplace injuries and fatalities; the number of children in, and adopted from, foster care; and the number of children that are victims of maltreatment (though sub-populations had mixed outcomes);
  • saw no meaningful movement in the overall numbers of incarcerated people, highway crashes per mile driven, child fatalities as a result of maltreatment (though sub-populations had mixed outcomes), children living in single parent households, foster children reunited with family, and children in poverty; and
  • regressed notably in numbers of other structure fires and civilian deaths from highway vehicle fires and other fires, the numbers and estimated costs of billion-dollar natural disasters, acres and cost per acre burned in forest fires, children receiving free and reduced lunch, homeless children enrolled in school, and all types of consumer complaints.

Shorter-term trends may differ.

Crime and disaster

The crime and disaster reporting unit seeks to reduce crime, administer justice, and mitigate and prevent disasters.

Crime

(In thousands, except rates and

percentages or otherwise noted)

 

 

2017

 

 

 

2016

 

 

 

2012

 

 

 

2007

 

 

 

Change

2017 vs.

2016

 

 

 

Change

2017 vs.

2012

 

 

 

Change

2017 vs.

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crimes reported 1:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property crimes 2

 

 

7,683

 

 

 

7,929

 

 

 

9,002

 

 

 

9,882

 

 

 

(3)%

 

 

 

(15)%

 

 

 

(22)%

Property crimes per 100,000 people

 

 

2,364

 

 

 

2,455

 

 

 

2,868

 

 

 

3,281

 

 

 

(4)%

 

 

 

(18)%

 

 

 

(28)%

Violent crimes 3

 

 

1,248

 

 

 

1,250

 

 

 

1,217

 

 

 

1,423

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

3%

 

 

 

(12)%

Violent crimes per 100,000 people

 

 

384

 

 

 

387

 

 

 

388

 

 

 

472

 

 

 

(1)%

 

 

 

(1)%

 

 

 

(19)%

Murder/non-negligent manslaughter (MNM)

 

 

17

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

13%

 

 

 

%

MNMs per 100,000 people

 

 

5

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

(17)%

Arrests by crime:

 

 

10,555

 

 

 

10,662

 

 

 

12,198

 

 

 

14,212

 

 

 

(1)%

 

 

 

(13)%

 

 

 

(26)%

Drug abuse violations

 

 

1,633

 

 

 

1,573

 

 

 

1,552

 

 

 

1,841

 

 

 

4%

 

 

 

5%

 

 

 

(11)%

Drug abuse violations arrests per 100,000 people

 

 

502

 

 

 

487

 

 

 

495

 

 

 

611

 

 

 

3%

 

 

 

1%

 

 

 

(18)%

Sale/manufacturing

 

 

238

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

278

 

 

 

327

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

(14)%

 

 

 

(27)%

Possession

 

 

1,395

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

1,274

 

 

 

1,514

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

9%

 

 

 

(8)%

Property crimes 2

 

 

1,250

 

 

 

1,353

 

 

 

1,646

 

 

 

1,610

 

 

 

(8)%

 

 

 

(24)%

 

 

 

(22)%

Property crimes arrests rate (of property crimes reported)

 

 

16%

 

 

 

17%

 

 

 

18%

 

 

 

16%

 

 

 

(1)ppt

 

 

 

(2)ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

Driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol or narcotics

 

 

991

 

 

 

1,018

 

 

 

1,283

 

 

 

1,427

 

 

 

(3)%

 

 

 

(23)%

 

 

 

(31)%

DUI arrests per 1,000 miles driven

 

 

309

 

 

 

321

 

 

 

432

 

 

 

471

 

 

 

(4)%

 

 

 

(28)%

 

 

 

(34)%

Violent crimes 3

 

 

519

 

 

 

515

 

 

 

521

 

 

 

597

 

 

 

1%

 

 

 

%

 

 

 

(13)%

Violent crimes arrests rate (of violent crimes reported)

 

 

42%

 

 

 

41%

 

 

 

43%

 

 

 

42%

 

 

 

1ppt

 

 

 

(1)ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

Other

 

 

6,162

 

 

 

6,203

 

 

 

7,196

 

 

 

8,737

 

 

 

(1)%

 

 

 

(14)%

 

 

 

(29)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We limited the key metrics data in this table to the years presented to be consistent with the previous sections of this MD&A. The most recent data in those sections is 2017, as that is the latest date for which comprehensive Government-wide financial data is available. Additional years of key metrics data may be found on our website. Click “More detail” to access it.

na An “na” reference in the table means the data is not available.

1 Crimes reported by local law enforcement to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

2 Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

3 Violent crimes are offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

Crimes reported

Property crimes and violent crimes reported had generally been declining at accelerating rates each year of the decade covered by this report, and at even higher rates if you adjust for population growth. Declines were seen across most crime sub-categories and every major region (Northeast, Midwest, South, West) of the US.

In 2016, this trend temporarily reversed for violent crimes, as reported crimes increased across all sub-categories and in every major region. Rates dropped again for most sub-categories and regions in 2017 but remained elevated when compared to recent history:

  • By major region - the change in violent crimes from 2016 to 2017 ranged from a decrease of 4% in the Northeast (to a rate of 305 violent crimes reported per 100,000 people) to an increase of 2% in the West (to a rate of 423 violent crimes reported per 100,000 people).
  • By state/territory - the change in violent crimes from 2016 to 2017 ranged from a decrease of 16% in Nevada (to a rate of 556 violent crimes reported per 100,000 people) to an increase of 22% in Vermont (to a rate of 166 violent crimes reported per 100,000 people).
  • By type - Aggravated assaults accounted for 63% of violent crimes reported to law enforcement in 2017, with the number of aggravated assaults reported up 1% from 2016, while robbery offenses accounted for 25% (down 4%), rape accounted for 11% (up 3%), and murder accounted for 1% (down 1%).

Arrests

Arrests for property crimes and violent crimes followed similar trends as crimes reported, with property crime arrests decreasing in all periods and violent crime arrests decreasing in all periods before increasing slightly in 2017. Arrests for drug abuse violations decreased over the past decade but increased in 2016 and 2017. When comparing 2017 to 2007, we see a shift in the distribution of arrests towards those for possession (vs. sale/manufacturing) of heroin or cocaine and their derivatives and synthetic or manufactured drugs. Arrests for DUIs decreased for all periods presented.

Underlying the overall arrests trends, there are demographical points to note:

  • Youth (under age 18) are more often arrested for property crimes than violent crimes (6% of their arrests in 2017) and are comprising a disproportionately smaller percentage of all arrests over time (an 8-percentage point decline overall between 2007 and 2017 – compared to a 2-percentage point decline in the percentage of the total population they represent); and
  • Black people have been arrested at a rate (27% of total arrests in 2017) that is significantly higher than the rate they comprise of the US population (13% in 2017) throughout the periods discussed in this report. In 2017, black people accounted for more than 50% of the arrested population for murder and nonnegligent manslaughter and robbery offenses. 

Incarceration

(In thousands, except percentages and as noted)

 

2017

 

2016

 

2012

 

2007

 

Change

2017 vs.

2016

 

Change

2017 vs.

2012

 

Change

2017 vs.

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incarcerated population 1:

 

 

na

 

 

 

2,162

 

 

 

2,231

 

 

 

2,296

 

  

 

na

 

  

 

na

 

  

 

na

Persons in jail 2

 

 

745

 

 

 

741

 

 

 

745

 

 

 

781

 

 

 

1%

 

 

 

%

 

 

 

(5)%

Persons in prison (federal and state) 3

 

 

1,489

 

 

 

1,508

 

 

 

1,570

 

 

 

1,597

 

 

 

(1)%

 

 

 

(5)%

 

 

 

(7)%

Youth in jail (actuals)

 

 

3,600

 

 

 

3,900

 

 

 

5,400

 

 

 

6,833

 

 

 

(8)%

 

 

 

(33)%

 

 

 

(47)%

Youth in state prisons (actuals)

 

 

935

 

 

 

956

 

 

 

1,325

 

 

 

2,283

 

 

 

(2)%

 

 

 

(29)%

 

 

 

(59)%

Sentenced prisoners by crime committed:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Violent crimes

 

 

na

 

 

 

724

 

 

 

721

 

 

 

708

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

na

Property crimes

 

 

na

 

 

 

237

 

 

 

258

 

 

 

274

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

na

Drug crimes

 

 

na

 

 

 

272

 

 

 

309

 

 

 

369

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

na

Public order and other 4

 

 

na

 

 

 

219

 

 

 

209

 

 

 

157

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

na

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We limited the key metrics data in this table to the years presented to be consistent with the previous sections of this MD&A. The most recent data in those sections is 2017, as that is the latest date for which comprehensive Government-wide financial data is available. Additional years of key metrics data may be found on our website. Click “More detail” to access it.

na An “na” reference in the table means the data is not available.

1 Prisoners held in local jails were excluded from the total to prevent double counting.

2 Jails are correctional facilities that confine persons before or after adjudication and are usually operated by local law enforcement authorities. Jail sentences are usually for 1 year or less.

3 State and federal prisoner populations differ from the jail inmate population in terms of conviction status, offense distribution, and average length of stay. Prison facilities also differ from local jail facilities in average size, treatment and programming resources, and crowding, among other characteristics.

4 Public order includes weapons, drunk driving, and court offenses; commercialized vice, morals, and decency offenses; and liquor law violations and other public-order offenses.

Our incarcerated populations decreased over the past decade. However, there are racial and other dynamics of note:

  • Black people are disproportionately jailed and imprisoned, comprising 34% of those jailed and 33% of those imprisoned in 2017 as compared to 13% of the US population. However, the percentages of the jailed and imprisoned populations they comprise are decreasing (declines of 5 and 6 percentage points between 2007 and 2017 of those jailed and imprisoned, respectively) despite remaining 13% of the US population during this period.
  • The opposite is true for white people, who represent a disproportionately small percentage of those incarcerated - 50% of those jailed and 30% of those imprisoned in 2017, while comprising 77% of the US population. The percentage of those jailed who are white increased 6 percentage points between 2007 and 2017, while the percentage of those imprisoned who are white decreased 2 percentage points. Meanwhile, white people decreased as a percentage of the US population (a 2-percentage point decrease between 2007 and 2017).
  • The offenses for which people are imprisoned has changed, with property and drug offenses decreasing and violent crime and public order offenses increasing.
  • Numbers of incarcerated youth appear to be decreasing.

Fire (non-natural disaster)

 

2017

 

2016

 

2012

 

2007

 

Change

2017 vs.

2016

 

Change

2017 vs.

2012

 

Change

2017 vs.

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fire incidents (in thousands, except rates):

 

 

1,319

 

 

 

1,342

 

 

 

1,375

 

 

 

1,558

 

  

 

(2)%

 

  

 

(4)%

 

  

 

(15)%

Home structure fires 1

 

 

357

 

 

 

352

 

 

 

365

 

 

 

399

 

 

 

1%

 

 

 

(2)%

 

 

 

(11)%

Home structure fires per 100,000 housing units

 

 

261

 

 

 

260

 

 

 

275

 

 

 

312

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

(5)%

 

 

 

(16)%

Other structure fires 2

 

 

142

 

 

 

124

 

 

 

116

 

 

 

132

 

 

 

15%

 

 

 

22%

 

 

 

8%

Highway vehicle fires 3

 

 

168

 

 

 

173

 

 

 

173

 

 

 

228

 

 

 

(3)%

 

 

 

(3)%

 

 

 

(26)%

Highway vehicle fires per 1 billion miles driven

 

 

52

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

58

 

 

 

75

 

 

 

(5)%

 

 

 

(10)%

 

 

 

(31)%

Other fires 4

 

 

652

 

 

 

693

 

 

 

721

 

 

 

799

 

 

 

(6)%

 

 

(10)%

 

 

 

(18)%

Civilian deaths from fire incidents:

 

 

3,400

 

 

 

3,390

 

 

 

2,855

 

 

 

3,430

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

19%

 

 

 

(1)%

Home structure fire civilian deaths 1

 

 

2,630

 

 

 

2,800

 

 

 

2,380

 

 

 

2,865

 

 

 

(6)%

 

 

 

11%

 

 

 

(8)%

Rate of deaths per home structure fire

 

 

0.7%

 

 

 

0.8%

 

 

 

0.7%

 

 

 

0.7%

 

 

 

(1)ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

Other structure fire civilian deaths 2

 

 

105

 

 

 

150

 

 

 

90

 

 

 

135

 

 

 

(30)%

 

 

 

17%

 

 

 

(22)%

Rate of deaths per other structure fire

 

 

0.1%

 

 

 

0.1%

 

 

 

0.1%

 

 

 

0.1%

 

 

 

—ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

Highway vehicle fire civilian deaths 3

 

 

400

 

 

 

280

 

 

 

300

 

 

 

365

 

 

 

43%

 

 

 

33%

 

 

 

10%

Rate of deaths per highway vehicle fire

 

 

0.2%

 

 

 

0.2%

 

 

 

0.2%

 

 

 

0.2%

 

 

 

—ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

 

 

 

ppt

Other fire civilian deaths 4

 

 

175

 

 

 

160

 

 

 

85

 

 

 

65

 

 

 

9%

 

 

 

106%

 

 

 

169%

Rate of deaths per other fire

 

 

0.0%

 

 

 

0.0%

 

 

 

0.0%

 

 

 

0.0%

 

 

 

—ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

 

 

 

—ppt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

† We limited the key metrics data in this table to the years presented to be consistent with the previous sections of this MD&A. The most recent data in those sections is 2017, as that is the latest date for which comprehensive Government-wide financial data is available. Additional years of key metrics data may be found on our website. Click “More detail” to access it.

1 Homes are dwellings, duplexes, manufactured homes (also called mobile homes), apartments, rowhouses, and townhouses.

2 Includes other residential properties, such as hotels and motels, dormitories, barracks, rooming and boarding homes, and the like.

3 Highway vehicles include any vehicle designed to operate normally on highways, such as automobiles, motorcycles, buses, trucks, and trailers, but not manufactured homes on foundations.

4 Other fires include fires in non-highway vehicles (i.e., trains, boats, ships, aircraft, farm, and construction vehicles), outside property fires, outside wilderness fires, and fires in rubbish, among others.

Fire incidents

The number of fire incidents have declined over the past decade, both on an absolute basis and per housing unit and mile driven, with the exception of other structure fires. The overall decrease was led by a 147 thousand or 18% decrease in “other” fires. In 2017, the leading cause of fires was cooking for both residential and non-residential buildings, comprising 52% and 30% of those fires, respectively.

Civilian deaths from fire incidents

Civilian deaths from fire incidents have also fluctuated but decreased overall in the past decade, led by a 235 or 8% decrease in home structure fire incidents and a 30 or 22% decrease in deaths from other structure fire incidents, offset in part by a 110 or 169% increase in deaths from other fire incidents. As a percentage of fire incidents, deaths for all types of fire incidents shown have remained less than 1% throughout the past decade.

Disasters

(Dollars in billions, others actuals or as noted)

2017

 

2016

 

2012

 

2007

 

Change

2017 vs.

2016

 

Change

2017 vs.

2012

 

Change

2017 vs.

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Billion-dollar disaster incidents 1

 

 

16

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

7%

 

 

 

45%

 

 

 

220%

Billion-dollar disaster cost estimate 1

 

$

309

 

 

$

47

 

 

$

116

 

 

$

11

 

 

 

557%

 

 

 

116%

 

 

 

2,709%

Cost per billion-dollar disaster 1

 

$

19

 

 

$

3

 

 

$

11

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

533%

 

 

 

73%

 

 

 

850%

Disaster deaths

 

 

3,278

 

 

 

138

 

 

 

377

 

 

 

37

 

 

 

2,275%

 

 

 

769%

 

 

 

8,759%

Billion-dollar disaster incidents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severe storm

 

 

8

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

1

 

 

—%

 

 

 

14%

 

 

 

700%

Severe storm cost

 

$

17

 

 

$

15

 

 

$

16

 

 

$

3

 

 

 

13%

 

 

 

6%

 

 

 

467%

Cost per severe storm

 

$

2

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

3

 

 

 

%

 

 

 

%

 

 

 

(33)%

Tropical cyclone

 

 

3

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

200%

 

 

 

50%

 

 

nm

Tropical cyclone cost

 

$

265

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

68

 

 

$

 

 

 

2,550%

 

 

 

290%

 

 

nm

Cost per tropical cyclone

 

$

88

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

34

 

 

$

 

 

 

780%

 

 

 

159%

 

 

nm

Flood

 

 

2

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(50)%

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

nm

Flood cost

 

$

3

 

 

$

16

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

81%

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

nm

Cost per flood

 

$

2

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

(50)%

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

nm

Drought

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

—%

Drought cost

 

$

3

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

30

 

 

$

4

 

 

 

(25)%

 

 

 

(90)%

 

 

(25)%

Cost per drought

 

$

3

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

30

 

 

$

4

 

 

 

(25)%

 

 

 

(90)%

 

 

(25)%

Wildfire

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

—%

 

 

 

—%

 

 

 

—%

Wildfire cost

 

$

18

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

3

 

 

800%

 

 

 

800%

 

 

 

500%

Cost per wildfire

 

$

18

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

2

 

 

$

3

 

 

800%

 

 

800%

 

 

500%

Other disaster

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

(50)%

Other disaster cost

 

$

3

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

1

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

200%

Cost per other disaster

 

$

3

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

1

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

nm

 

 

 

200%

Forest fires

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acres burned in forest fires (thousands)

 

 

10,026

 

 

 

5,510

 

 

 

9,326

 

 

 

9,328

 

 

 

82%

 

 

 

8%

 

 

 

7%

Acres burned per forest fire

 

 

140

 

 

 

81

 

 

 

138

 

 

 

109

 

 

 

73%

 

 

 

1%

 

 

 

28%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We limited the key metrics data in this table to the years presented to be consistent with the previous sections of this MD&A. The most recent data in those sections is 2017, as that is the latest date for which comprehensive Government-wide financial data is available. The data presented is based on a calendar year. Additional years of key metrics data may be found on our website. Click “More detail” to access it.

na An “na” reference in the table means the data is not available.

nm An "nm" in the table means the figures is not meaningful.

1 Data is limited to billion-dollar disasters as provided by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, as they account for roughly 80% of the total estimated US losses for all combined severe weather and climate events. These loss estimates reflect direct effects of weather and climate events (not including indirect effects) and constitute total estimated losses (both insured and uninsured). Because most of the data sources provide only insured losses, a “factor approach” (based on approximate average insurance participate rates) is used for conversion into the corresponding total estimated losses. For more detailed information regarding the cost estimates see https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/monitoring-content/billions/docs/smith-and-katz-2013.pdf.

Disaster incidents

The number of billion-dollar disaster incidents have fluctuated, with peaks in 2008 and 2011, and a decline thereafter until 2015 when they began increasing again. The most frequent type of disaster is severe storm, followed by flood, while the most expensive per disaster is tropical cyclone, followed by severe storm. Acres burned in forest fires (in all forest fires, not just those declared disasters) increased over the past decade, generally at a rate higher than the rate at which the number of fires decreased.

Disaster costs

Total estimated costs for billion-dollar disasters increased 2,709% in the past decade, while the number of billion-dollar disaster incidents increased 220%. Per billion-dollar disaster, estimated costs increased 850% over the past decade. The increase in estimated total disaster costs in 2017 reflects $130 billion, $94 billion, and $52 billion related to hurricanes Harvey, Maria, and Irma, respectively.

Disaster deaths

Like billion-dollar disaster incidents, disaster deaths have fluctuated during the past decade, sharply rising in 2017 to arrive at a ten-year increase of 8,759%. From 2016 to 2017, there was an increase in deaths of 3,140 people, or 2,275%, primarily related to an increase of 2,981 in deaths attributed to Hurricane Maria.

Acres burned

Acres burned in forest fires, categorized as either a lightning-caused or human-caused, increased by 698 thousand acres or 7% over the past decade. Human-caused fires increased 1.4 million acres or 40%, offset in part by a 700 thousand acre or 12% decrease in lightning-caused fires. The Rocky Mountain region had the largest number and percent increase in total acres burned, at an increase of 592 thousand acres or 366%, while the Eastern Great Basin region had the largest acre decrease at 308 thousand acres, and the Eastern Area region had the largest percent decrease at 83%.

Safeguarding consumers and employees

The safeguarding consumers and employees reporting unit seeks to keep people away from harm by regulating, primarily commercial interests.

Safeguarding consumers

Consumer complaints and product safety injuries

(In thousands, except rates and percentages or

otherwise noted)

2017

 

2016

 

2012

 

2007

 

Change

2017 vs.

2016

 

Change

2017 vs.

2012

 

Change

2017 vs.

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer fraud complaints

 

 

1,291

 

 

 

1,226

 

 

 

1,113

 

 

 

506

 

 

 

5%

 

 

 

16%

 

 

 

155%

Consumer fraud complaints per 100,000 people

 

 

397

 

 

 

349

 

 

 

355

 

 

 

168

 

 

 

14%

 

 

 

12%

 

 

 

136%

Mean amount paid per fraud complaint

 

$

429

 

 

$

450