Yearly Report PART I

Item 2. Properties

Published on Mon, April 13, 2020 11:46AM PDT | Updated Fri, April 17, 2020 6:29PM PDT

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Item 2. Properties > PART I > Government 10-K

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Domestic

Land

Federal government owned land

The federal government owns and manages more than a quarter of the roughly 2 billion acres of land in the US. These lands are managed for many purposes, primarily preservation, recreation, and development of natural resources. Five primary federal agencies manage about 95% of this federally-owned-and-managed land. The five agencies and the land they managed are:

(Acres in thousands)

 

1990

 

 

2000

 

 

2010

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bureau of Land Management

 

 

272,029

 

 

 

264,398

 

 

 

247,859

 

 

 

244,391

Forest Service

 

 

191,367

 

 

 

192,355

 

 

 

192,881

 

 

 

192,919

Fish and Wildlife Service

 

 

86,822

 

 

 

88,226

 

 

 

88,949

 

 

 

89,206

National Park Service

 

 

76,134

 

 

 

77,931

 

 

 

79,691

 

 

 

79,946

Department of Defense

 

 

20,501

 

 

 

24,052

 

 

 

19,422

 

 

 

8,850

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total federally-owned land

 

 

646,853

 

 

 

646,962

 

 

 

628,802

 

 

 

615,312

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total land in US

 

 

2,271,343

 

 

 

2,271,343

 

 

 

2,271,343

 

 

 

2,271,343

Percentage of land in US federally-owned

 

 

28%

 

 

 

28%

 

 

 

28%

 

 

 

27%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data source is the Congressional Research Service paper titled Federal Land Ownership: Overview and Data, dated February 21, 2020.

Federal government owned, otherwise managed, and leased land – non-public domain

Our Government sometimes refers to the land it owns and manages as public domain lands and acquired lands. According to the Congressional Research Service, public domain lands are those ceded by the original states or obtained from a foreign sovereign (via purchase, treaty, or other means). Acquired lands were obtained from a state or individual by exchange, purchase, or gift. About 90% of all federal lands are public domain lands, while the other 10% are acquired lands. Many laws were enacted that related only to public domain lands. Even though the distinction has lost most of its underlying significance today, different laws may still apply depending on the original nature of the lands involved. Owned, otherwise managed, and leased non-public domain land and related costs are as follows:

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land acres 1

 

 

39,784,271

 

 

 

49,601,819

 

 

 

42,343,516

Owned and otherwise managed acres

 

 

38,829,324

 

 

 

47,909,576

 

 

 

41,015,497

Total annual operating costs (in thousands) 2,3

 

$

140,751

 

 

$

122,890

 

 

$

125,059

Leased acres

 

 

954,947

 

 

 

1,692,243

 

 

 

1,328,020

Total annual lease costs (in thousands) 2,4

 

$

48,561

 

 

$

49,568

 

 

$

50,728

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data source is the General Services Administration FY 2016 Federal Real Property Profile (FRPP) Open Data Set. The General Services Administration reports that Department of Defense (DOD) data is under review and is therefore not included in 2017 and 2018 totals in the FRPP Open Data Set. It does not make sense for us to update this section to 2017 and 2018 without DOD data, as it comprises a large portion of the data set. As such, we have limited the most recent data in this section to 2016.

1 Includes federal government owned land and federal government managed museum trust, state government owned, and withdrawn land, and leased land. Does not include public domain land. Details may not add to total due to rounding.

2 It is difficult to compare owned and leased annual operating costs due to their make-up. Owned annual operating costs only includes operations and maintenance costs, whereas leased annual operating costs also includes rent to capture the full cost of the asset.

3 Owned and otherwise managed annual operating and maintenance costs consist of the following: 1) recurring maintenance and repair costs; 2) utilities (includes plant operation and purchase of energy); 3) cleaning and/or janitorial costs (includes pest control, refuse collection, and disposal including recycling operations); and 4) roads/grounds expenses (includes grounds maintenance, landscaping, and snow and ice removal from roads, piers, and airfields).

4 Lease costs comprise: 1) annual net rent to the lessor – the fully serviced rental to the lessor minus the annual operating and maintenance costs and 2) annual operating and maintenance costs – reoccurring maintenance and repair costs including: utilities (includes plant operation and purchase of energy); cleaning and/or janitorial costs (includes pest control, refuse collection, and disposal, including recycling operations); roads/grounds expenses (includes grounds maintenance, landscaping, and snow and ice removal from roads, piers, and airfields).

Owned, otherwise managed, and leased non-public domain land by agency as of 2016 was as follows:

(In thousands)

 

Acres

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency

 

Owned

 

 

Leased

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Army Department

 

 

11,986

 

 

 

965

 

 

 

12,951

Air Force Department

 

 

8,000

 

 

 

103

 

 

 

8,103

Navy Department

 

 

4,299

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

4,342

General Services Administration

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Department of Veterans Affairs

 

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

38

Department of Energy

 

 

2,200

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

2,209

Department of Interior

 

 

6,275

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

6,277

Other department or agency

 

 

8,214

 

 

 

206

 

 

 

8,420

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

41,016

 

 

 

1,328

 

 

 

42,344

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data source is the General Services Administration FY 2016 Federal Real Property Profile (FRPP) Open Data Set. The General Services Administration reports that Department of Defense (DOD) data is under review and is therefore not included in 2017 and 2018 totals in the FRPP Open Data Set. It does not make sense for us to update this section to 2017 and 2018 without DOD data, as it comprises a large portion of the data set. As such, we have limited the most recent data in this section to 2016.

State and local government owned and leased land

We are not aware of a source of state and local government owned and leased land for each government.

Buildings and other structures

Below is detail of federal and state-owned buildings and structures.

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Buildings 4

 

 

275,195

 

 

 

273,125

 

 

 

267,127

Owned 1

 

 

254,083

 

 

 

253,481

 

 

 

247,723

Total square feet (in thousands)

 

 

2,505,805

 

 

 

2,520,991

 

 

 

2,490,265

Total annual operating costs (in thousands) 3,6

 

$

14,448,129

 

 

$

11,644,642

 

 

$

12,022,269

Leased

 

 

21,112

 

 

 

19,644

 

 

 

19,404

Total square feet (in thousands)

 

 

294,163

 

 

 

283,125

 

 

 

280,103

Total annual lease costs (in thousands) 3,7

 

$

7,071,773

 

 

$

7,103,442

 

 

$

7,284,160

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Structures 7

 

 

481,398

 

 

 

496,022

 

 

 

496,174

Owned 1

 

 

477,634

 

 

 

492,263

 

 

 

492,725

Total annual operating costs (in thousands) 3,6

 

$

7,784,400

 

 

$

8,787,913

 

 

$

6,326,949

Leased

 

 

3,764

 

 

 

3,759

 

 

 

3,449

Total annual lease costs (in thousands) 3,7

 

$

64,972

 

 

$

58,053

 

 

$

59,135

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Buildings real property use 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utilized

 

 

103,902

 

 

 

96,718

 

 

 

89,359

Underutilized

 

 

1,611

 

 

 

3,598

 

 

 

7,859

Unutilized

 

 

3,360

 

 

 

3,414

 

 

 

3,120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repair needs 1,2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Owned building repair needs costs (in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

115,672,218

Owned structure repair needs costs (in thousands) 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

92,098,256

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data source is the General Services Administration FY 2016 Federal Real Property Profile (FRPP) Open Data Set. The General Services Administration reports that Department of Defense (DOD) data is under review and is therefore not included in 2017 and 2018 totals in the FRPP Open Data Set. It does not make sense for us to update this section to 2017 and 2018 without DOD data, as it comprises a large portion of the data set. As such, we have limited the most recent data in this section to 2016.

1 Includes federal government owned, foreign government owned, museum trust, and state government owned.

2 Repair needs are only a required data element for owned assets. Repair needs is the objective amount necessary to ensure that a constructed asset is restored to a condition substantially equivalent to the originally intended and designed capacity, efficiency, or capability. This should exclude any consideration of the likelihood that the repair will actually be performed at any time before the asset’s disposition.

3 It is difficult to compare owned and leased annual operating costs due to their make-up. Owned annual operating costs only includes operations and maintenance costs, whereas leased annual operating costs also includes rent to capture the full cost of the asset.

4 Buildings (examples): office, laboratories, hospital, warehouse

5 Structures (examples): airfield pavements, flood control and navigation, utility systems, navigation and traffic aids

6 Owned and otherwise managed annual operating and maintenance costs consist of the following: 1) recurring maintenance and repair costs; 2) utilities (includes plant operation and purchase of energy); 3) cleaning and/or janitorial costs (includes pest control, refuse collection, and disposal including recycling operations); and 4) roads/grounds expenses (includes grounds maintenance, landscaping, and snow and ice removal from roads, piers, and airfields).

7 Lease costs comprise: 1) annual net rent to the lessor – the fully serviced rental to the lessor minus the annual operating and maintenance costs and 2) annual operating and maintenance costs – reoccurring maintenance and repair costs including: utilities (includes plant operation and purchase of energy); cleaning and/or janitorial costs (includes pest control, refuse collection, and disposal, including recycling operations); roads/grounds expenses (includes grounds maintenance, landscaping, and snow and ice removal from roads, piers, and airfields).

8 The reporting of utilization is only required for offices, laboratories, hospitals, warehouses, family housing, dormitories, and barracks.

Buildings detail (2016)

As shown in the table above, our Government occupies 2.8 billion square feet of building space in the US and US territories, of which 2.5 billion square feet are owned and 280 million square feet are leased. Information by use and by government agency as of 2016 are shown in the tables below:

Buildings Real Property Use

(in thousands, except per sq ft)

Owned sq/ft1

 

Owned Annual

Operating Costs1,4

 

Owned

Annual Costs

per sq/ft1,4

 

  

  Leased sq/ft

 

Leased Annual

Costs2,4

 

Leased

Annual Costs

per sq/ft 2,4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

2,490,265

 

 

$

12,022,269

 

 

$

4.83

 

 

 

 

280,103

 

 

$

7,284,160

 

 

$

26.00

Office

 

 

505,382

 

 

$

2,552,070

 

 

$

5.05

 

 

 

 

180,116

 

 

$

5,300,900

 

 

$

29.43

Service

 

 

386,874

 

 

$

1,463,963

 

 

$

3.78

 

 

 

 

7,000

 

 

$

95,941

 

 

$

13.71

School

 

 

249,416

 

 

$

1,239,604

 

 

$

4.97

 

 

 

 

4,610

 

 

$

35,593

 

 

$

7.72

Dormitories/Barracks

 

 

226,547

 

 

$

933,140

 

 

$

4.12

 

 

 

 

1,950

 

 

$

38,116

 

 

$

19.54

Laboratories

 

 

172,973

 

 

$

1,468,266

 

 

$

8.49

 

 

 

 

4,634

 

 

$

170,269

 

 

$

36.74

Other institutional uses

 

 

173,663

 

 

$

843,802

 

 

$

4.86

 

 

 

 

1,780

 

 

$

18,229

 

 

$

10.24

Warehouses

 

 

127,428

 

 

$

367,699

 

 

$

2.89

 

 

 

 

23,878

 

 

$

232,126

 

 

$

9.72

Hospital

 

 

126,892

 

 

$

699,584

 

 

$

5.51

 

 

 

 

363

 

 

$

10,932

 

 

$

30.10

Industrial

 

 

111,131

 

 

$

769,749

 

 

$

6.93

 

 

 

 

933

 

 

$

9,962

 

 

$

10.68

Family housing

 

 

52,132

 

 

$

189,875

 

 

$

3.64

 

 

 

 

2,565

 

 

$

18,306

 

 

$

7.14

Prisons and detention centers

 

 

43,900

 

 

$

353,236

 

 

$

8.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

Communications systems

 

 

18,089

 

 

$

84,555

 

 

$

4.67

 

 

 

 

313

 

 

$

5,480

 

 

$

17.53

Outpatient healthcare facility

 

 

14,490

 

 

$

89,686

 

 

$

6.19

 

 

 

 

12,154

 

 

$

331,373

 

 

$

27.26

Navigation and traffic aids

 

 

12,561

 

 

$

175,920

 

 

$

14.01

 

 

 

 

702

 

 

$

12,972

 

 

$

18.48

Facility security

 

 

10,972

 

 

$

54,246

 

 

$

4.94

 

 

 

 

141

 

 

$

646

 

 

$

4.58

Child care center

 

 

9,140

 

 

$

26,014

 

 

$

2.85

 

 

 

 

26

 

 

$

436

 

 

$

16.81

Museum

 

 

7,091

 

 

$

21,930

 

 

$

3.09

 

 

 

 

60

 

 

$

42

 

 

$

0.70

Data centers

 

 

4,835

 

 

$

67,039

 

 

$

13.87

 

 

 

 

593

 

 

$

13,815

 

 

$

23.29

Land port of entry

 

 

4,731

 

 

$

29,369

 

 

$

6.21

 

 

 

 

833

 

 

$

16,832

 

 

$

20.22

Comfort stations/Restrooms

 

 

3,984

 

 

$

31,135

 

 

$

7.82

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

$

7

 

 

$

1.71

Border/Inspection station

 

 

2,656

 

 

$

24,638

 

 

$

9.28

 

 

 

 

6,799

 

 

$

104,322

 

 

$

15.34

Public facing facility

 

 

1,518

 

 

$

5,468

 

 

$

3.60

 

 

 

 

19,027

 

 

$

555,837

 

 

$

29.21

Post office

 

 

996

 

 

$

4,006

 

 

$

4.02

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

Aviation security related

 

 

263

 

 

$

1,839

 

 

$

6.98

 

 

 

 

3,418

 

 

$

152,385

 

 

$

44.58

All other 3

 

 

222,601

 

 

$

525,436

 

 

$

2.36

 

 

 

 

8,204

 

 

$

159,639

 

 

$

19.46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data source is the General Services Administration FY 2016 Federal Real Property Profile (FRPP) Open Data Set. The General Services Administration reports that Department of Defense (DOD) data is under review and is therefore not included in 2017 and 2018 totals in the FRPP Open Data Set. It does not make sense for us to update this section to 2017 and 2018 without DOD data, as it comprises a large portion of the data set. As such, we have limited the most recent data in this section to 2016.

1 Includes federal government owned, foreign government owned, museum trust, and state government owned.

2 Includes operations and maintenance costs and rent.

3 The All Other category is defined as “buildings that cannot be classified elsewhere.”

4 It is difficult to compare owned and leased annual operating costs due to their make-up. Owned annual operating costs only includes operations and maintenance costs, whereas leased annual operating costs also includes rent to capture the full cost of the asset.

(In thousands)

 

Building Square Feet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency

 

Owned

 

 

Leased

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Army Department

 

 

699,921

 

 

 

16,589

 

 

 

716,510

Air Force Department

 

 

444,482

 

 

 

5,614

 

 

 

450,096

Navy Department

 

 

432,822

 

 

 

2,848

 

 

 

435,670

General Services Administration

 

 

230,139

 

 

 

190,624

 

 

 

420,763

Department of Veterans Affairs

 

 

155,081

 

 

 

18,521

 

 

 

173,602

Department of Energy

 

 

115,581

 

 

 

596

 

 

 

116,177

Department of Interior

 

 

100,576

 

 

 

3,056

 

 

 

103,632

Other department or agency

 

 

311,663

 

 

 

42,255

 

 

 

353,918

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

2,490,265

 

 

 

280,103

 

 

 

2,770,368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data source is the General Services Administration FY 2016 Federal Real Property Profile (FRPP) Open Data Set. The General Services Administration reports that Department of Defense (DOD) data is under review and is therefore not included in 2017 and 2018 totals in the FRPP Open Data Set. It does not make sense for us to update this section to 2017 and 2018 without DOD data, as it comprises a large portion of the data set. As such, we have limited the most recent data in this section to 2016.

The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) reports that federal agencies continue to face long-standing challenges in several areas of real property management, including: (1) effectively disposing of excess and underutilized property, (2) relying too heavily on leasing, (3) collecting reliable real property data for decision making, and (4) protecting federal facilities.31

Federal Indian reservations34

A federal Indian reservation is an area of land reserved for a tribe or tribes under treaty or other agreement with the US, executive order, or federal statute or administrative action as permanent tribal homelands, and where the federal government holds title to the land in trust on behalf of the tribe. Approximately 56.2 million acres (approximately 2% of total US land area) are held in trust by the US for various Indian tribes and individuals. There are approximately 326 Indian land areas in the US administered as federal Indian reservations (i.e. reservations, pueblos, rancherias, missions, villages, communities, etc.). The largest is the 16 million-acre Navajo Nation Reservation located in Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. The smallest is a 1.32-acre parcel in California where the Pit River Tribe’s cemetery is located. Many of the smaller reservations are less than 1,000 acres.

International35

We are not aware of a current aggregated source for land held by our Government outside of the US. However, the Department of Defense (DOD) reports on its overseas holdings. As of 2018, the DOD managed a worldwide real property portfolio that spanned 45 foreign countries, including 514 overseas sites:

  • By country – Germany (194 sites), Japan (121 sites), and South Korea (83 sites) had the most sites by country;
  • By service – 202 were for the Army, 166 for the Air Force, 123 for the Navy, and 23 for the Marine Corps; and
  • By value – 430 had a replacement value of less than $1.102 billion each, 21 had a replacement value of equal to or more than $1.102 billion and less than $2.067 billion each, 24 had a replacement value of equal to or more than $2.067 billion each, and 39 had a replacement value of zero.